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Type: Artigo
Title: Hybrid Input-output Life Cycle Assessment Of First- And Second-generation Ethanol Production Technologies In Brazil
Author: Watanabe
Marcos D. B.; Chagas
Mateus F.; Cavalett
Otavio; Guilhoto
Joaquim J. M.; Griffin
W. Michael; Cunha
Marcelo P.; Bonomi
Abstract: A hybrid approach combining life cycle assessment and input-output analysis was used to demonstrate the economic and environmental benefits of current and future improvements in agricultural and industrial technologies for ethanol production in Brazilian biorefineries. In this article, three main scenarios were evaluated: first-generation ethanol production with the average current technology; the improved current technology; and the integration of improved first- and second-generation ethanol production. For the improved first-generation scenario, a US$1 million increase in ethanol demand can give rise to US$2.5 million of total economic activity in the Brazilian economy when direct and indirect purchases of inputs are considered. This value is slightly higher than the economic activity (US$1.8 million) for an energy equivalent amount of gasoline. The integration of first- and second-generation technologies significantly reduces the total greenhouse gas emissions of ethanol production: 14.6 versus 86.4 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per megajoule (g CO2-eq/MJ) for gasoline. Moreover, emissions of ethanol can be negative (-10.5 g CO2-eq/MJ) when the system boundary is expanded to account for surplus bioelectricity by displacement of natural gas thermal electricity generation considering electricity produced in first-generation optimized biorefineries.
Subject: Ethanol
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Industrial Ecology
Input-output Analysis
Editor: Wiley-Blackwell
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12325
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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