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Type: Artigo
Title: Impact Of Preparation Method And Variables On The Internal Structure, Morphology, And Presence Of Liposomes In Phytantriol-pluronic (r) F127 Cubosomes
Author: Akhlaghi
Seyedeh Parinaz; Ribeiro
Iris Renata; Boyd
Ben J.; Loh
Abstract: The formation of significant proportions of liposomes during the preparation of dispersed cubic phase particles presents a problem in trying to understanding cubosome behavior with a view to use in applications such as drug delivery. In this study, the variables impacting on liposome formation during cubosome production were interrogated. Bottom-up (BU) and top-down (TD) approaches were employed to prepare submicron sized liquid crystalline dispersions (cubosomes) of phytantriol in water with varying amounts of Pluronic (R) F127 (F127) as a stabilizer. In the BU approach, ethanol was used as a hydrotrope and was later removed using a rotary evaporator, whereas in the TD approach the bulk liquid gel was dispersed using ultrasonication. We aimed at finding the optimum ratio of phytantriol-to-F127 resulting in stable, liposome-free dispersions, whether this depends on the preparation method and the resulting morphology of the particles. The average particle size and zeta potential of the samples were measured using dynamic light scattering (DLS). Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM) images showed a substantial number of liposomes in addition to cubosomes in the dispersion containing 4-1 (w/w) phytantriol-to-F127 prepared by the BU approach compared to very low liposome content with the TD approach. The effects of the amount of F127 in both approaches, amount of ethanol on the BU method and temperature on the TD method were investigated using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The cubosomes displayed cubic double-diamond (Pn3m) internal structure with a lattice parameter of approximately 6 nm. In summary using the TD approach, with 4:1 phytantriol:F127 provided stable cubosome dispersion with minimal liposome co-existence. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Cubosomes
Pluronic (r) F127
Editor: Elsevier Science BV
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.05.091
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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