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Type: Artigo
Title: Alterations Of Intestinal Microbiome By Antibiotic Therapy In Hospitalized Children
Author: Fernandes
Miriam R.; Ignacio
Aline; Rodrigues
Viviane A. A.; Groppo
Franciso C.; Cardoso
Ary L.; Avila-Campos
Mario J.; Nakano
Abstract: The administration of antimicrobial agents leads to an ecological imbalance of the host-microorganisms relationship, and it causes a rapid and significant reduction in the microbial diversity. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of antibiotic therapy on intestinal microbiota of children between 3 and 12 years of age. The fecal samples were collected from hospitalized children (n = 31) and from healthy untreated children (n = 30). The presence of bacteria and their quantities were assessed by culture-based methods and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). By culture method, in the children receiving antibiotics, a low recovery of Bifidobacterium spp. (54.8%), Bacteroides spp./Parabacteroides spp. (54.8%), Clostridium spp. (35.5%), and Escherichia coli (74.2%) was observed compared with the children without antibiotic therapy (100%, 80%, 63.3%, and 86.6%, respectively). By qPCR, the children receiving antibiotics showed a lower copy number for all microorganisms, except to Lactobacillus spp. (p = 0.0092). In comparison to the nontreated children, the antibiotic-treated children showed a significantly lower copy number of Bifidobacterium spp. (p = 0.0002), Clostridium perfringens (p < 0.0001), E. coli (p = 0.0268), Methanobrevibacter smithii (p = 0.0444), and phylum Firmicutes (p = 0.0009). In conclusion, our results obtained through qualitative and quantitative analyses, demonstrate that antibiotic therapy affect the intestinal microbiome of children.
Subject: Microbiome
Antibiotic Therapy
Anaerobic Bacteria
Escherichia Coli
Editor: Mary Ann Liebert Inc
New Rochelle
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1089/mdr.2015.0320
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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