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Type: Artigo
Title: A Historiographic Study Of Psychiatric Treatments In Brazil: Mentalism And Organicism From 1830 To 1859
Author: Almeida de Oliveira
Carlos Francisco; Martins Eulalio
Carlos Evandro; Campelo
Viriato; Dalgalarrondo
Abstract: Our aim is to investigate two major tendencies in nineteenth-century Brazilian alienism: mentalism and organicism, by conducting a descriptive study of original Brazilian documents on medical health treatments in the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s. Primary sources of Brazilian alienism were theses, memoirs, official reports, and documents written by clinicians and asylum directors. We analysed early mental treatment in Brazilian lunatic asylums, exploring the relative contributions of two main theoretical orientations: moral treatment (based on Pinel and Esquirol) and medical-organicist therapeutic orientation'. Intertextuality was used to assess reports of medical organicist treatment in Brazil. We concluded that contemporaneous textual sources indicate that mid-nineteenth-century alienism in Brazil was predominantly influenced by organicism exported from European countries. Pinel's mentalist view, nevertheless, remained the reference point for clinical issues associated with the doctor-patient relationship.
Subject: Brazil
Editor: Sage Publications Ltd
Citation: History Of Psychiatry. Sage Publications Ltd, v. 27, p. 472 - 481, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1177/0957154X16657009
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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