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Type: Artigo
Title: Diversity Of Enterococcus Faecalis Genotypes From Multiple Oral Sites Associated With Endodontic Failure Using Repetitive Sequence-based Polymerase Chain Reaction And Arbitrarily Primed Polymerase Chain Reactionc
Author: Delboni
Maraisa G.; Gomes
Brenda P. F. A.; Francisco
Priscila A.; Teixeira
Fabricio B.; Drake
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diversity and similarity of Enterococcus faecalis genotype isolates from multiple oral sites using repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction and arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR). Methods: Forty-two endodontically treated teeth with apical periodontitis were selected. A total of 126 microbial samples were collected from 3 different sites (saliva, pulp chamber, and root canals, all n = 42) during the nonsurgical retreatment procedures. After growth on m-Enterococcus agar, the colonies were isolated, characterized as gram-positive catalase negative cocci, and identified using an API 20 Strep kit (bioMerieux, MarcyI'Etoile, France). Seventy-four colonies from 10 patients were confirmed as E. faecalis by polymerase chain reaction (165 ribosomal RNA). Repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reactions using ERIC and AP-PCR using RW3A primers were performed in all 74 colonies. Fingerprints were analyzed and separated into genotypic groups based on the Dice coefficient percentage of similarity (82% or greater) as determined by ERIC reproducibility assays involving E. faecalis controls. Results: Seven different E. faecalis genotypes (GTs) (GT1 = 27%, GT2 = 17.6%, GT3 = 1.3%, GT4 = 18.9%, GT5 = 9.5%, GT6 = 14.9%, and GT7 = 10.8%) were observed in different subjects and oral sites associated with endodontic failure. Remarkably, in 4 of 5 patients, the same GTs present in the infected root canals were also isolated from either the pulp chamber or the saliva samples. In particular, GT6 was detected in all 3 oral sites of patient 37. Conclusions: E. faecalis GTs isolated from saliva, the pulp chamber, and the root canal were similar using the Rep-PCR and AP-PCR methods. These findings suggest that coronal microleakage is a conceivable cause of endodontic failure.
Subject: Arbitrarily Primed Polymerase Chain Reaction
Enterococcus Faecalis
Repetitive Sequence-based Polymerase Chain Reaction
Editor: Elsevier Science INC
New York
Citation: Journal Of Endodontics. Elsevier Science Inc, v. 43, p. 377 - 382, 2017.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2016.10.042
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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