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|Title:||Influence Of Phospholipasic Inhibition On Neuromuscular Activity Of Bothrops Fonsecai Snake Venom|
Rita de Cassia O.; Randazzo-Moura
Jose Carlos; Rodrigues-Simioni
|Abstract:||Bothrops fonsecai (B. fonsecai), a pitviper endemic to southeastern Brazil, has a venom mainly composed by snake venom phospholipases (PLA(2)) and metalloproteases, compounds that could interfere with neuromuscular junction in vitro. In this work, we investigated the role of PLA(2) in the myotoxicity and neuromuscular blockade caused by B. fonsecai venom using different procedures frequently associated with PLA(2) activity inhibition: 24 degrees C bath temperature, Ca2+-Sr2+ replacement and chemical modification with p-bromophenacyl bromide (p-BPB). Mice extensor digitorum longus preparations (EDL) were incubated with usual or modified Tyrode solution (prepared with Ca2+-or Sr2+ respectively) at 24 degrees C or 37 degrees C (as controls) and in addition of B. fonsecai venom (100 jig/mL) alone or after its incubation with buffer (24 h, 23 degrees C) on the absence (alkylation control) and presence of p-BPB; all muscle were processed for histological analysis. The PLA(2), proteolytic and amidolytic activities under the same conditions (24 degrees C or 37 degrees C, Ca2+-Sr2+ replacement, absence or presence p-BPB) were also assessed. The B. fonsecai venom caused total neuromuscular blockade after 100 min of incubation, in Ca2+ Tyrode solution at 37 degrees C (usual conditions); on Sr2+ Tyrode solution (37 degrees C) the twitch height were 31.7 +/- 7.4% of basal, and at 24 degrees C (Ca2+ Tyrode solution) were 53.6 +/- 7.0% of basal. The alkylation of PLA(2) with p-BPB promoted a great blockade decrease at 100 min of incubation (88.7 +/- 5.7% of basal), but it was also observed on alkylation control preparations (66.2 +/- 6.6%). The venom produced 50% of blockade at 40.5 +/- 5.9 min, in Ca2+ Tyrode solution at 37 degrees C. The protocols delayed the time for 50% blockade: 105.7 +/- 7.1 min (at 24 degrees C, in Ca2+-Tyrode solution) and 71.1 +/- 9.0 min (at 37 degrees C. in Sr2+ Tyrode solution). Regarding p-BPB incubation and alkylation control preparations, 50% of blockade was not reached during the 120 min of venom incubation. Regarding to enzymatic activities, the 24 degrees C protocol reduced not only PLA(2) (to 62.3%) but also proteolytic (52.3%) and amidolytic (73.4%) activities, as well as observed on p-BPB alkylation protocol which markedly inhibited all enzymes (<10%). The alkylation control promoted the same proteolytic and amidolytic inhibition but no reduction of PLA(2) activity; Ca2+-Sr2+ replacement reduced only the PLA(2) activity (to 15.3%). We observed a strict relation between the inhibition of PLA(2) activity and the myotoxicity. On the other hand, this relation was not observed with neuromuscular blockade, suggesting that blockade and muscle damage may not be strictly related. It suggests that the neuromuscular blockade may be induced by non-catalytic PLA(2) or other venom components, such as metalloproteinases. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science LTD|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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