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Type: Artigo
Title: Exploring And Understanding The Functional Role, And Biochemical And Structural Characteristics Of An Acidic Phospholipase A(2), Apitx-i, Purified From Agkistrodon Piscivorus Leucostoma Snake Venom
Author: Resende
L. M.; Almeida
J. R.; Schezaro-Ramos
R.; Collaco
R. C. O.; Simioni
L. R.; Ramirez
D.; Gonzalez
W.; Soares
A. M.; Calderon
L. A.; Marangoni
S.; Da Silva
S. L.
Abstract: Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s) constitute a class of extensively studied toxins, isolated from snake venoms. Basic PLA(2) isoforms mediate various toxicological effects, while the acidic isoforms generally have higher enzymatic activities, but do not promote evident toxic effects. The functions of these acidic isoforms in snake venoms are still not completely understood and more studies are needed to characterize the biological functions and diversification of acidic toxins in order to justify their abundant presence in these secretions. Recently, Lomonte and collaborators demonstrated, in a proteomic and toxicological study, high concentrations of PLA(2)s in the venom of Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma. We have, herein, purified and characterized an acidic PLA(2) from this snake venom, denominated Ap1Tx-I, in order to better understand its biochemical and structural characteristics, as well as its biological effects. ApITx-I was purified using two chromatographic steps, in association with enzymatic and biological assays. The acidic toxin was found to be one of the most abundant proteins in the venom of A. p. leucostoma; the protein was monomeric with a molecular mass of 13,885.8 Da, as identified by mass spectrometry ESI-TOF and electrophoresis. The toxin has similar primary and tridimensional structures to those of other acidic PLA(2)s, a theoretical and experimental isoelectric point of approximate to 5.12, and a calcium-dependent enzyme activity of 25.8985 nMiminimg, with maximum values at 37 degrees C and pH 8.0. Despite its high enzymatic activity on synthetic substrate, Ap1Tx-I did not induce high or significant myotoxic, coagulant, anticoagulant, edema, neuromuscular toxicity in mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations or antibacterial activities. Interestingly, Ap1Tx-I triggered a high and selective neuromuscular toxicity in chick biventer cervicis preparations. These findings are relevant to provide a deeper understanding of the pharmacology, role and diversification of acidic phospholipase A(2) isoforms in snake venoms. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Acidic Phospholipase A(2)
Snake Venom
Agkistrodon Piscivorus Leucostoma
Pharmacological Activity
Editor: Pergamon-Elsevier Science LTD
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.01.002
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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