Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/326434
Type: Artigo
Title: Isolation, Structural And Functional Characterization Of A New Lys49 Phospholipase A(2) Homologue From Bothrops Neuwiedi Urutu With Bactericidal Potential
Author: Correa
Edailson A.; Kayano
Anderson M.; Diniz-Sousa
Rafaela; Setubal
Sulamita S.; Zanchi
Fernando B.; Zuliani
Juliana P.; Matos
Najla B.; Almeida
Jose R.; Resende
Leticia M.; Marangoni
Sergio; da Silva
Saulo L.; Soares
Andreimar M.; Calderon
Leonardo A.
Abstract: Snake venom is a complex mixture of active compounds consisting of 80-90% proteins and peptides that exhibit a variety of biological actions that are not completely clarified or identified. Of these, phospholipase A(2) is one of the molecules that has shown great biotechnological potential. The objectives of this study were to isolate, biochemically and biologically characterize a Lys49 phospholipase A(2) homologue from the venom of Bothrops neuwiedi urutu. The protein was purified after two chromatographic steps, anion exchange and reverse phase. The purity and relative molecular mass were assessed by SDS-PAGE, observing a molecular weight typical of PLA(2)s, subsequently confirmed by mass spectrometry obtaining a mass of 13,733 Da. As for phospholipase activity, the PLA(2) proved to be enzymatically inactive. The analyses by Edman degradation and sequencing of the peptide fragments allowed for the identification of 108 amino acid residues; this sequence showed high identity with other phospholipases A(2) from Bothrops snake venoms, and identified this molecule as a novel PLA(2) isoform from B. neuwiedi urutu venom, called BnuTX-I. In murine models, both BnuTX-I as well as the venom induced edema and myotoxic responses. The cytotoxic effect of BnuTX-I in murine macrophages was observed at concentrations above 12 mu g/mL. BnuTX-I also presented antimicrobial activity against gram-positive and negative bacterial strains, having the greatest inhibitory effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results allowed for the identification of a new myotoxin isoform with PLA(2) structure with promising biotechnological applications. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Snake Venom
Phospholipase A(2)
Bothrops Neuwiedi
Bactericidal Activity
Editor: Pergamon-Elsevier Science LTD
Oxford
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2016.02.021
Address: http://www-sciencedirect-com.ez88.periodicos.capes.gov.br/science/article/pii/S0041010116300381
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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