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Type: Artigo
Title: Thermal Desorption Modulation For Comprehensive Two-dimensional Gas Chromatography Using A Simple And Inexpensive Segmented-loop Fluidic Interface
Author: Mucedola
Vanessa; Vieira
Luis C. S.; Pierone
Danilo; Gobbi
Angelo L.; Poppi
Ronei J.; Hantao
Leandro W.
Abstract: In this study, we introduce a modulation strategy for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC) by using a simple and consumable-free modulator. This "Do-It-Yourself" interface comprised a 1.0 mx0.25 mm segment of MTX-5 metallic column and a low-cost DC power supply. Thermal desorption modulation (TDM) was attained using a dual-stage heater-based modulator in a novel segmented-loop configuration. TDM was achieved by alternating analyte trapping and thermal desorption. Former process relied on analyte partition to sorbent phase, while latter explored direct resistive heating. Introduction of an intermediate delay segment between the two stages mitigated analyte breakthrough, improving peak symmetry and chromatographic efficiency. This feature was critical to acquire reliable GCxGC modulation using such simple heater-based device. The effects of important modulation variables on 2D separations were investigated, including TDM stage length, dimension of delay loop, and outlet pressure. Significant advances and limitations of proposed TDM strategy were carefully determined. Proposed GCxGC prototype by using an in-oven TDM modulator was successfully applied to a series of challenging matrices, including petroleum distillates, biodiesel, and essential oil. This open-hardware, cost-effective modulator was easy to install and operate, as it circumvented the need for sophisticated components (e.g. moving parts and cooling systems). Therefore, our modulator is a compelling alternative to existing GCxGC solutions to operate in resource-limited laboratories.
Subject: Chemical Education
Mass Spectrometry
Multidimensional Gas Chromatography
Volatile Organic Compound
Editor: Elsevier Science BV
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2016.12.005
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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