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Type: Artigo
Title: Antiproliferative And Toxicological Properties Of Methanolic Extract Obtained From Solanum Capsicoides All. Seeds And Carpesterol
Author: Petreanu
Marcel; Alves Guimaraes
Agatha Amanda; Broering
Milena Fronza; Ferreira
Emili Kamila; Machado
Isabel Daufenback; Tasca Gois
Ana Lucia; de Carvalho
Joao Ernesto; Delle Monache
Franco; Niero
Rivaldo; Santin
Jose Roberto
Abstract: Natural products are considered important sources of potential chemotherapeutic agents. Here, we evaluated the antiproliferative activity and the toxicological effects of the methanolic extract and a pure compound obtained from Solanum capsicoides seeds. The phytochemical profile was analyzed by chromatographic and spectroscopy methods. The acute toxicity was assessed in mice orally treated with the extract (2000 mg/kg), in vitro hemolytic activity and micronucleus test. The mutagenicity, developmental toxicity, and lethal dose (LD50) of carpesterol were estimated by the Toxicity Estimation Software Tool (TEST) software. A sulforhodamine B assay was employed to evaluate the antiproliferative activity. The toxicological assays did not observe signs of toxicity, either during the behavioral observations or in the autopsies, as well as no mutagenicity and hemolytic activity. The carpesterol did not present mutagenic effect and hemolytic activity but presents developmental toxicology and LD50 of 410 mg/kg in toxicity estimations by the TEST software. The S. capsicoides extract exhibited antiproliferative activity mainly in leukemia (K562) cell lineage. However, carpesterol presented antiproliferative activity in glioma (U251), breast (MCF-7), kidney (786-0), ovary (OVCAR-03), and K562 cell lineages. The data obtained show that S. capsicoides extract presents antiproliferative and does not present toxicological effects. In addition, it was shown for the first time the antiproliferative and toxicological parameters of carpesterol.
Subject: Cytotoxicity
Natural Compound
Editor: Springer
New York
Citation: Naunyn-schmiedebergs Archives Of Pharmacology. Springer, v. 389, p. 1123 - 1131, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s00210-016-1275-x
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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