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Type: Artigo
Title: Th-ree- And Nb-ta-accessory Minerals In Post-collisional Ediacaran Felsic Rocks From The Katerina Ring Complex (s. Sinai, Egypt): An Assessment For The Fractionation Of Y/nb, Th/nb, La/nb And Ce/pb In Highly Evolved A-type Granites
Author: Moreno
J. A.; Molina
J. F.; Bea
F.; Abu Anbar
M.; Montero
Abstract: The relationships of Y/Nb, Th/Nb, La/Nb and Ce/Pb ratios in A-type felsic rocks from the Ediacaran Katerina Ring Complex, northernmost Arabian-Nubian Shield (ANS; S. Sinai, Egypt), are investigated in this work to understand their behavior during generation of highly evolved granitic magmas and to explore the nature of magma sources. Textural and compositional relationships of cognate Th-REE- and Nb-Ta-accessory minerals in Katerina felsic rocks show that chevkinite-group minerals (CGM), monazite, thorite, allanite and xenotime formed from residual liquids in quartz syenite porphyries, quartz monzonites and peralkaline granites, whereas in aluminous granites, allanite and monazite crystallized early, and thorite and columbite formed from residual liquids. Relationships of Y/Nb, Th/Nb, La/Nb and Ce/Pb ratios with Zr/Hf ratios in the aluminous granites and with Be abundances in the peralkaline granites suggest a decrease in La/Nb and Ce/Pb ratios in the former, and in Y/Nb and La/Nb ratios in the latter with crystallization progress. This contrasts with absence of systematic variations of Th/Nb and Ce/Pb ratios in the peralkaline compositions and of Y/Nb ratio in the aluminous ones. In this latter, Th/Nb ratio can present a significant decrease only in highly evolved compositions. An analysis of Y/Nb, Th/Nb, La/Nb and Ce/Pb relationships in worldwide 0113 and subduction-related magmatic suites reveals that A-type felsic rocks with (Th/Nb)(N) <1.3, (La/Nb)(N) <13, and (Ce/Pb)(N) >1 may have A(1)-type affinity, and those with (Th/Nb)(N) >2, (La/Nb)(N) >2, and (Ce/Pb)(N) <1 tend to present A(2)-type affinity. The crystal fractionation of Th-LREE- and Nb-Ta-accessory minerals and mixing of components derived from the two granite groups may cause deviations from these compositional limits that can be evaluated using constraints imposed by Th/Nb-La/Nb, Ce/Pb-Th/Nb and Ce/Pb-La/Nb relationships in OIB and subduction-related magmatic suites. Three mantle sources might have been involved in the Ediacaran alkaline magmatism from northernmost ANS that are chemically similar to those of (1) OIB suites, (2) subduction-related magmatic suites, and (3) carbonatite-metasomatized peridotites. In addition, compositions characterized by (Y/Nb)(N) >0.18, (Th/Nb)(N) >2, (La/Nb)(N) >2, (Ce/Pb)(N) <1, and crustal-like Nb/Ta ratios may point to a significant contribution of crustal sources. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: A-type Magmatism
Continental Crust Source
Mantle Source
Accessory Minerals
Post-collisional Magmatism
Katerina Ring Complex
Editor: Elsevier Science BV
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2016.04.020
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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