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Type: Artigo
Title: Amazonian Buriti Oil: Chemical Characterization And Antioxidant Potential
Author: Speranza
P.; de Oliveira Falcao
A.; Macedo
J. Alves; da Silva
L. H. M.; Rodrigues
A. M. da C.; Alves Macedo
Abstract: Buriti oil is an example of an Amazonian palm oil of economic importance. The local population uses this oil for the prevention and treatment of different diseases; however, there are few studies in the literature that evaluate its properties. In this study, detailed chemical and antioxidant properties of Buriti oil were determined. The predominant fatty acid was oleic acid (65.6%) and the main triacylglycerol classes were tri-unsaturated (50.0%) and di-unsaturated-mono-saturated (39.3%) triacylglycerols. The positional distribution of the classes of fatty acids on the triacylglycerol backbone indicated a saturated and unsaturated fatty acid relationship similar in the three-triacylglycerol positions. All tocopherol isomers were present, with a total content of 2364.1 alpha-tocopherol constitutes 48% of the total tocopherol content, followed by gamma-tocopherol (45%). Total phenolic (107.0 mg gallic acid equivalent.g(-1) oil) and beta-carotene (781.6 were particularly high in this oil. The highest antioxidant activity against the free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) was obtained at an oil concentration of 50 mg.mL(-1) (73.15%). The antioxidant activity evaluated by the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) was 95.3 mu mol Trolox equivalent.g(-1) oil. These results serve to present Buriti oil as an Amazonian resource for cosmetic, food and pharmaceuticals purposes.
Subject: Fatty Acid
Minor Compound
Radical Scavenging Activity
Regio-specific Distribution
Editor: Inst Grasa Sus Derivados
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3989/gya.0622152
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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