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Type: Artigo
Title: Similarity Of Soils With Regard To Salinity In The Perennial Valley Of Trussu River, Ceará
Title Alternative: Similaridade De Solos Quanto A Salinidade No Vale Perenizado Do Rio Trussu, Ceará
Author: Neto J.R.A.
Gomes F.E.F.
Palácio H.A.Q.
da Silva E.B.
Brasil P.P.
Abstract: The goal was to evaluate the impacts of irrigation with addition of salts on soils of two irrigated areas in the perennial stretch of Trussu River, Iguatu, Ceará, located in the Brazilian semiarid, by applying the multivariate statistical technique, and clustering analysis, as a tool to identify the similarity of the areas in time and space. Samples were collected in three areas: one with forest regeneration, cultivated with irrigated pasture and another with irrigated guava. Soil samples were collected every two months from May/2013 to April/2014 in 0-30 cm; 30-60 cm; 60-90 cm layers. The following attributes were considered: Electrical Conductivity of the saturation extract (EC), pH, PES (percentage of exchangeable sodium), SAR (sodium adsorption ratio) and soluble ions Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl-. Group 1 was formed by soils presenting the lowest salts concentration average, composed for all samples taken in the regeneration forest soils, seven originating from areas with pasture and six from areas with guava, regardless of the sampled layer or collection time. Group 2 expresses a complete dissimilarity of information on the regeneration forest, since no information on this area is present in this group. The largest salt concentrations in Group 2 indicates that there was an accumulation of ions in the soil in the irrigated areas, but not at a level that could compromise plant growth and jeopardize both soils as salinity. The separation of these soils into groups containing similar soil in salinity can contribute to management strategies to be adopted for each soil group formed. © 2016, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP. All rights reserved.
Subject: Irrigation
Multivariate Statistics
Salts In The Soil
Editor: Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.15809/irriga.2016v21n2p327-341
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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