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|Title:||Lowered Cisplatin Dose And No Bleomycin In The Treatment Of Pediatric Germ Cell Tumors: Results Of The Gct-99 Protocol From The Brazilian Germ Cell Pediatric Oncology Cooperative Group|
Dos Santos Aguiar S.
De Assis Almeida M.T.
De Oliveira C.Z.
|Abstract:||Purpose We describe the results of a risk-adapted, response-based therapeutic approach from the Brazilian GCT-99 study on germ cell tumors. Patients and Methods From May 1999 to October 2009, 579 participants were enrolled in the Brazilian GCT-99 study. Treatment, defined as specific chemotherapy regimen and number of cycles, was allocated by means of risk-group assignment at diagnosis with consideration for stage and primary tumor site. Patients at low risk received no chemotherapy. Patients at intermediate risk (IR) with a good response (GR) received four cycles of platinum and etoposide (PE), for total doses of platinum 420 mg/m2 and etoposide 2,040 mg/m2. Patients at IR with a partial response (PR) received three cycles of PE plus three cycles of ifosfamide, vinblastine, and bleomycin. Patients at high risk (HR) with a GR received four cycles of PE and ifosfamide (PEI) at total doses of platinum 420 mg/m2, etoposide 1,200 mg/m2, and ifosfamide 30 g/m2. Patients at HR with a PR received six cycles of PEI. Results The risk-group distribution was 213 LR, 138 IR, and 129 HR for 480 evaluable patients. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates at 10 years were, respectively, 90% and 88.6% in the IR-GR group (n = 126) and 74.1% and 74.1% in the IR-PR group (n = 12). Ten-year rates for the HR-GR group (n = 86) were an OS of 66.8% and an EFS of 62.5%. The HR-PR group (n = 43) had an OS of 74.8% and an EFS of 73.4%. In univariable and multivariable analysis, increased serum lactate dehydrogenase level and histology for a metastatic immature teratoma were prognostic of a worsened outcome. Conclusion Reduction of therapy to two drugs did not compromise survival outcomes for patients in the IR-GR group, and escalation of therapy with PEI did not significantly improve OS and EFS in patients at HR. © 2016 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.|
|Editor:||American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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