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|Title:||Prevalence Of Factors Associated With Infertility In Infertile Women Undergoing Diagnostic Laparoscopy|
|Title Alternative:||Prevalência De Fatores Associados à Infertilidade Em Mulheres Inférteis Submetidas à Laparoscopia Diagnóstica|
|Abstract:||To evaluate the role of laparoscopy in the investigation of infertility at the University of Campinas in the last five years. Methods Retrospective descriptive study with all diagnostic laparoscopy in the last five years made in endoscopic gynecology clinic of the tertiary hospital. 353 medical records of women with infertility undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy between the years 2008 to 2012 were analyzed the clinical characteristics of these women and the indications of laparoscopy and intraoperative findings were evaluated. Descriptive analysis (frequency, mean and standard deviation) was performed for categorical variables. To evaluate the association between the variables, we used the Kruskal Wallis test. Results The women were on average 32 ± 4.4 years. Laparoscopy found 52.98% of tubal alterations, 17.84% of endometriosis and 11.33% of adhesions. Almost 18% of tests did not show any change. The hysterosalpingography had a sensitivity of 84.61% and specificity of 32.58% compared to laparoscopy. Infertile women have a higher risk for tubal changes. Conclusion Tubal alterations are still the leading cause of infertility. Laparoscopy appears as a better technique hysterosalpingography for detecting tubal alterations, in addition to be able to detect changes in other organs that can cause infertility. © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Reprodução Humana|
|Editor:||Sociedade Brasileira de Reproducao Humana|
|Citation:||Reprodução E Climaterio. Sociedade Brasileira De Reproducao Humana, v. 31, n. 3, p. 159 - 162, 2016.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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