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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Correlation Between Body Mass Index And Faecal Microbiota From Children
Author: Ignacio
A; Fernandes
MR; Rodrigues
VAA; Groppo
FC; Cardoso
AL; Avila-Campos
MJ; Nakano
Abstract: Childhood obesity is an increasing problem at the global level and considered as a risk factor for obesity development and the associated comorbidities in adult life. In this study, the occurrence of Bacteroides fragilis group, Clostridium spp., Bifidobacterium spp. and Escherichia coli in 84 faecal samples from 30 obese, 24 overweight and 30 lean children was verified by culture technique and quantitative determination by quantitative PCR. In addition, Lactobacillus spp. and Methanobrevibacter smithii were also analysed. A correlation between the body mass index (BMI) and these bacteria was sought. Bacteroides vulgatus, Clostridium perfringens and Bifidobacterium adolescentis were most prevalent in all samples evaluated by culture-method. The B. fragilis group were found at high concentrations in obese and overweight children when compared with the lean ones (p0.015). The obese and overweight children harboured higher numbers of Lactobacillus spp. than lean children (p0.022). The faecal concentrations of the B. fragilis group (r=0.24; p0.026) and Lactobacillus spp. (r=0.44; p0.002) were positively correlated with BMI. Bifidobacterium spp. were found in higher numbers in the lean group than the overweight and obese ones (p0.042). Furthermore, a negative correlation between BMI and Bifidobacterium spp. copy number (r= -0.22;p0.039) was observed. Our findings show some difference in the intestinal microbial ecosystem of obese children compared with the lean ones and a significant association between number of Lactobacillus spp. and B. fragilis group and BMI. Clinical Microbiology and Infection (C) 2015 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Anaerobic Bacteria
Body Mass Index
Childhood Obesity
Escherichia Coli
Faecal Microbiota
Quantitative Pcr
Citation: Clinical Microbiology And Infection. ELSEVIER SCI LTD, n. 22, n. 3, p. 258 e1 - 258 e8.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.10.031
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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