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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Tagsnps Influence The Effects Of Enalapril In Essential Hypertension
Author: Oliveira-Paula
GH; Lacchini
R; Luizon
MR; Fontana
V; Silva
PS; Biagi
C; Tanus-Santos
Abstract: The antihypertensive effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) are associated with up regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) activity. This mechanism may explain how polymorphisms in NOS3 gene affect the antihypertensive responses to ACEi. While clinically relevant NOS3 polymorphisms were previously shown to affect the antihypertensive responses to enalapril, no study has tested the hypothesis that NOS3 tagSNPs influence the antihypertensive effects of this drug. We examined whether the NOS3 tagSNPs rs3918226, rs3918188, and rs743506, and their haplotypes, affect the antihypertensive responses to enalapril in 101 patients with essential hypertension. Subjects were prospectively treated only with enalapril for 8 weeks. Genotypes were determined by Taqmae (R) allele discrimination assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and haplotype frequencies were estimated. We compared the effects of NOS3 tagSNPs on changes in blood pressure after enalapril treatment. To confirm our findings, multiple linear regression analysis was performed adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, and alcohol consumption. We found that hypertensive patients carrying the AA genotype for the tagSNP rs3918188 showed lower decreases in blood pressure in response to enalapril. Moreover, the TCA haplotype was associated with improved decreases in blood pressure in response to enalapril compared with the CAG haplotype. Adjustment for covariates in multiple linear regression analysis did not change these effects. In addition, when patients were stratified according to the dose of enalapril used, we found that the carries of the T allele for the functional tagSNP rs3918226 showed more intense decreases in blood pressure in response to enalapril 20 mg/day. Our findings suggest that NOS3 tagSNPs influence the effects of enalapril in essential hypertension. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Enalapril
Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase
Citation: Nitric Oxide. ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, n. 55-56, p. 62 - 69.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.niox.2016.03.006
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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