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|Type:||Artigo de Periódico|
|Title:||Dysarthria As A Predictor Of Dysphagia Following Stroke|
|Abstract:||Stroke is the leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Important sequels are frequent, including dysphagia and communication disorders. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dysphagia and communication disorders following stroke, and to identify if communication disorders can predict dysphagia. METHODS: Thirty-one prospective and consecutive patients were admitted to the Otolaryngology-Dysphagia Outpatient Clinic with diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Stroke was confirmed by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, and medical evaluation. All patients had a swallowing and communication evaluation. We compared patients with and without dysphagia, and established the co-occurrence among dysphagia and communication disorders. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients presented dysphagia. Aphasia occurred in 32.3% of the patients; dysarthria in 45.2%. Dysphagia and aphasia co-occurred in 29% of the population; dysphagia and dysarthria in 45.2%; the three conditions co-occurred in 22.6%. Dysarthria was a predictor of dysphagia, and it was associated with the presence of oral stage problems. CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive evaluation of dysphagia, aphasia, and dysarthria are important to improve clinical outcome following stroke. The identification of dysarthria as a predictor of dysphagia can help identify risk for dysphagia in stroke and assist in the therapeutic process of swallowing problems.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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