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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Addition Of Olein From Milk Fat Positively Affects The Firmness Of Butter
Author: Queiros
MS; Grimaldi
R; Gigante
Abstract: Butter is highly valued for its characteristic flavor and aroma; however, it has the disadvantage of unsatisfactory spreadability at low temperatures. The functional characteristics of butter can be modified by changing its composition or physical structure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of olein on structure and composition of butter. Olein was obtained by two stage dry fractionation process of the anhydrous milk fat (AMF) and added to commercial cream prior to butter manufacture. The fractions were characterized for triacyl-glycerols composition, solid fat content, crystallization isotherm, and thermal behavior. Butter was manufactured using commercial cream or cream containing 50% olein. Butter samples were characterized for physicochemical composition, instrumental color, crystallization parameters, and firmness after 1 and 7 days of storage at 10 degrees C. The firmness of butter subjected to room temperature was also evaluated. Butter containing olein differed significantly from the control and had darker yellow color, higher crystallization time, and lower solid fat content after 120 min at 15 degrees C, and hence lower firmness after 1 and 7 days of refrigerated storage. Although lower firmness was observed over time for all samples at room temperature, butter containing olein exhibited lower firmness after both 1 and 7 days, thus suggesting changes in organization of solid fat crystal network in the liquid fat. The addition of olein to butter allowed obtaining a softer product, with more intense color and possible nutritional benefits due to the medium chain triglycerides and higher carotene levels. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Fat Milk
Citation: Food Research International. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, n. 84, p. 69 - 75.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.03.017
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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