Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/320075
Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Passiflora Edulis Peel Intake Improves Insulin Sensitivity, Increasing Incretins And Hypothalamic Satietogenic Neuropeptide In Rats On A High-fat Diet
Author: Lima
GC; Vuolo
MM; Batista
AG; Dragano
NRV; Solon
C; Marostica
MR
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Passiflora edulis peel flour (PEPF) intake on hypothalamic neuropeptides messenger RNA expression, insulin sensitivity, and other metabolic parameters in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided in 3 groups: a control group, fed on a normal fat diet; a HF group, fed on a high-fat diet (35% fat [w/w]); and a high-fat Passiflora flour (HFPF) group, fed on a HF diet containing PEPF. The rats from the HFPF group as well as the HF group were kept on an HF diet for the first 4 wk to induce metabolic conditions related to obesity. Then the HFPF group was switched to a HF diet containing PEPF for additional 6 wk. Other groups were kept on normal-fat and HF diet without addition of PEPF during the whole period of experiment. The glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were evaluated through the glucose tolerance test (GTT) and the insulin tolerance test (ITT). Gut hormones and adipokines were measured through an immunoassay. The hypothalamic neuropeptides expression was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: The PEPF intalce increased the hypothalamic cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript expression (CART) (P < 0.05), counteracted cumulative body weight gain (P < 0.001), decreased adiposity (P < 0.05) and leptin level (P < 0.01), whereas increased adiponectin (P < 0.01), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (P < 0.01), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) (P < 0.001) improved the insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obesity rats by increasing the kITT (glucose disappearance rate) (P < 0.01), which was calculated during the ITT. Other gut hormones (peptide tyrosine tyrosine, pancreatic polypeptide, and amylin) and interleukins (IL) (IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1 beta, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) were not changed by the PEPF intake. Conclusion: Our findings provide a further understanding of how the PEPF works as a dietary component to improve glucose homeostasis and demonstrate a molecular mechanism that may increase satiety by PEPF in diet-induced obesity. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Passiflora Edulis
Insulin Resistance
Glp-1
Pectin
Obesity
Neuropeptides
Editor: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Citation: Nutrition. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, n. 32, n. 7-8, p. 863 - 870.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2016.01.014
Address: http://www-sciencedirect-com.ez88.periodicos.capes.gov.br/science/article/pii/S0899900716000472
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
000377058700020.pdf1.19 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.