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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Co2 Laser Irradiation Enhances Caf2 Formation And Inhibits Lesion Progression On Demineralized Dental Enamel-in Vitro Study
Author: Zancope
BR; Rodrigues
LP; Parisotto
TM; Steiner-Oliveira
C; Rodrigues
LKA; Nobre-dos-Santos
Abstract: This study evaluated if Carbon dioxide (CO2) (lambda 10.6 mu m) laser irradiation combined with acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application (APF gel) enhances "CaF2" uptake by demineralized enamel specimens (DES) and inhibits enamel lesion progression. Thus, two studies were conducted and DES were subjected to APF gel combined or not with CO2 laser irradiation (11.3 or 20.0 J/cm(2), 0.4 or 0.7 W) performed before, during, or after APF gel application. In study 1, 165 DES were allocated to 11 groups. Fluoride as "CaF2 like material" formed on enamel was determined in 100 DES (n = 10/group), and the surface morphologies of 50 specimens were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after "CaF2" extraction. In study 2, 165 DES (11 groups, n = 15), subjected to the same treatments as in study 1, were further subjected to a pH-cycling model to simulate a high cariogenic challenge. The progression of demineralization in DES was evaluated by cross-sectional microhardness and polarized light microscopy analyses. Laser at 11.3 J/cm(2) applied during APF gel application increased "CaF2" uptake on enamel surface. Laser irradiation and APF gel alone arrested the lesion progression compared with the control (p < 0.05). Areas of melting, fusion, and cracks were observed. CO2 laser irradiation, combined with a single APF application enhanced "CaF2" uptake on enamel surface and a synergistic effect was found. However, regarding the inhibition of caries lesion progression, no synergistic effect could be demonstrated. In conclusion, the results have shown that irradiation with specific laser parameters significantly enhanced CaF2 uptake by demineralized enamel and inhibited lesion progression.
Subject: Co2 Laser
Dental Caries
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride
Dental Enamel
Citation: Lasers In Medical Science. SPRINGER LONDON LTD, n. 31, n. 3, p. 539 - 547.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10103-016-1900-4
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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