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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: The Influence Of Physical And Mental Health On Life Satisfaction Is Mediated By Self-rated Health: A Study With Brazilian Elderly
Author: Pinto
JM; Fontaine
AM; Neri
Abstract: Chronic diseases, signals and symptoms of health problems and objective losses in functionality are seen as strongly related to low levels of life satisfaction in old age. Among seniors, self-rated health is associated with both quality of health and life satisfaction, but its relationships with objective health measures are controversial. This study aimed at identifying the influence of self-rated health as a mediator of the relationships between objectives indicators of physical and mental health and the elderly's life satisfaction. Self-reporting and physical performance measures were derived from the data basis of the FIBRA Study, which investigated frailty and associated variables in a cross-sectional sample of 2164 subjects aged 65 and above, randomly selected in seven Brazilian cities. A model considering satisfaction as a dependent variable, the number of diseases, frailty, cognitive status and depressive symptoms as predictors and self-rated health as a mediating variable was tested through path analysis. The model fit the data well and explained 19% of life satisfaction's variance. According to the bootstrapping method, indirect effects were significant for all trajectories, suggesting that self-rated health is a mediator variable between physical and mental health and elderly's life satisfaction. In conclusion, adverse conditions of physical and mental health can influence the elderly's life satisfaction, mostly when they determine a decrease in their levels of self-rated health. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Life Satisfaction
Self-rated Health
Successful Aging
Citation: Archives Of Gerontology And Geriatrics. ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, n. 65, p. 104 - 110.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2016.03.009
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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