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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Assessment Of Organosilane-functionalized Nano-carbon Black For Interference-free On-line Pb(ii) Ion Enrichment In Water, Herbal Medicines And Environmental Samples
Abstract: In the present work, commercial nano-carbon black (CB) particles were functionalized with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-MPTMS) through a silanization reaction to improve their adsorption capacity towards Pb(ii) ions and hence extend their application as an alternative and low-cost nanocarbonaceous material in the field of separation science. The material was characterized by FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Raman spectroscopy, as well as by thermogravimetric analysis and textural data. After the characterization of the material (3-MPTMS/CB) a FIA-FAAS preconcentration method for Pb(ii) ions was developed, which in turn was performed by loading 20.0 mL of a 200 μg L-1 Pb(ii) solution at pH 4.76 (buffered with 0.0358 mol L-1 acetate buffer) through 100 mg of 3-MPTMS/CB packed into a mini-column at a flow rate of 4.0 mL min-1. The optimized conditions of the proposed method have been achieved through a 25-1 fractional factorial and Doehlert matrix design. The improvements in the adsorption capacity of CB towards Pb(ii) after chemical modification with 3-MPTMS were noticed by comparing the sensitivity of the analytical curve built with CB and 3-MPTMS/CB. Very satisfactory figures of merit including a limit of detection (LOD) of 1.33 μg L-1, limit of quantification (LOQ) of 4.45 μg L-1, preconcentration factor of 28.0, consumptive index of 0.714 mL, preconcentration efficiency of 5.6 min-1 and sample throughput of 12 h-1 were obtained. The precision of the method was assessed as relative standard deviation (RSD) (%) for 10 measures of 10.0 and 160.0 μg L-1 Pb(ii) solutions yielding values of 3.0 and 2.3%, respectively. The preconcentration method was successfully applied to the Pb(ii) ion determination in different kinds of water and Ginkgo biloba samples with satisfactory recovery values (91-108%). In addition, the accuracy of the proposed method was also checked by analysis of a certified marine sediment reference material (MESS-3). © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Editor: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Analytical Methods. Royal Society Of Chemistry, v. 8, p. 2820 - 2830, 2016.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1039/c6ay00117c
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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