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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Smart Lipid Nanoparticles Containing Levofloxacin And Dnase For Lung Delivery. Design And Characterization
Abstract: Levofloxacin (LV) is a hydrophilic broad-spectrum antibiotic commonly used in pulmonary treatment against recurrent infections of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and particularly in cystic fibrosis (CF) disease. In order to study feasible carriers for LV, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) of myristyl myristate were prepared by the ultrasonication method in the presence of Pluronic®F68 under different experimental conditions and characterized by dynamic light scattering, optical, transmission and scanning electron microscopy for size and morphology. Alternatively, nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) were developed to improve LV encapsulation and storage. SLN showed 20.1 ± 1.4% LV encapsulation efficiency, while the NLCs encapsulated 55.9 ± 1.6% LV. NLC formulation exhibited a more controlled release profile than SLN formulation, but both showed a biphasic drug release pattern with burst release at the first 5 h and prolonged release afterwards, demonstrated by in vitro tests. The hydrodynamic average diameter and zeta potential of NLC were 182.6 ± 3.2 nm and -10.2 ± 0.2 mV, respectively, and were stable for at least 3 months. Additionally, DNase type I was incorporated into the formulations as a "smart" component, since the enzyme could help to decrease the viscoelasticity found in the lungs of CF patients and improves the antibiotic diffusion. FTIR, XRD, DSC, TGA and nitrogen adsorption isotherms of the nanoparticles indicate the presence of the loads in a noncrystalline state. The developed formulation showed an active antimicrobial activity against P. aeruginosa and even against other opportunistic pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus. The presence of LV-loaded NLCs reduced the formation of a bacterial biofilm, which highlighted the significance of the nanodevice as a new alternative for CF treatment. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.03.040
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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