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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: From Ethnobiology To Ecotoxicology: Fishers’ Knowledge On Trophic Levels As Indicator Of Bioaccumulation In Tropical Marine And Freshwater Fishes
Abstract: Information on fish trophic levels is important to assess fishing impacts and to better understand the bioaccumulation of pollutants within aquatic food chains. The local ecological knowledge held by small-scale fishers can fill knowledge gaps in fish trophic ecology. We estimated the trophic levels of 69 tropical and subtropical fish species (33 coastal and 36 freshwater species) using data on fish diets from the literature and obtained from interviews with Brazilian fishers. The fish trophic levels estimated from fishers’ knowledge were positively correlated with the trophic levels estimated using data from biological studies for both coastal and freshwater fish. The fishers’ knowledge also indicated bioaccumulation patterns, as the fish trophic levels estimated from fishers’ knowledge were positively related to the mercury (Hg) content in fish muscle (wet weight, from literature data) in 41 fish species (15 coastal and 26 freshwater). These findings reveal the potential for new applications of fishers’ knowledge to ecotoxicology, which could improve management of aquatic ecosystems and strengthen fishers’ political status. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Editor: Springer New York LLC
Citation: Ecosystems. Springer New York Llc, p. 1 - 15, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10021-016-0002-2
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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