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Type: research-article
Title: Low-intensity laser therapy improves tetanic contractions in mouse anterior tibialis muscle injected with Bothrops jararaca snake venom
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Author: Giaretta
Vania Maria de Araújo; Santos
Luiz Prudêncio; Barbosa
Ana Maria; Hyslop
Stephen; Corrado
Alexandre Pinto; Galhardo
Milene Sanches; Nicolau
Renata Amadei; Cogo
José Carlos
Abstract: Introduction Envenomation by Bothrops snakes can produce local pain, edema, hemorrhage and myonecrosis. However, standard antivenom therapy is generally ineffective in neutralizing these effects so that alternative methods of treatment have been investigated. In experimental animals, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) attenuates the local effects of Bothrops venoms, but the benefits of LLLT on muscle function after envenomation are unclear. In this study, we examined the influence of LLLT on the contractile activity of mouse skeletal muscle injected with venom from Bothrops jararaca, the principal cause of snakebite in southeastern Brazil. Methods Twenty-seven male mice were used. Mice were injected with venom (40 ?g in 50 ?l) in the right anterior tibialis muscle, after which the muscle tendon was exposed, connected to an isometric transducer and subjected to a resting tension of 1 g. A bipolar electrode was attached to the tibial nerve for electrical stimulation. The mice were randomly allocated to five groups: A Control (n = 3), B Venom 3 h (n = 6), C Venom 9 h (n = 6), D Venom + Laser 3 h (n = 6), E Venom + Laser 9 h (n = 6). Results The two groups that received LLLT post-venom showed improved muscle contraction and contracture in relation to muscle treated with venom alone. Conclusion These results indicate that LLLT can improve muscle function after damage induced by B. jararaca venom.
Citation: Research On Biomedical Engineering, 32, 2, p.153-. 2016.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/2446-4740.04515
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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