Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/316953
Type: TESE
Degree Level: Doutorado
Title: Atrofia timica na paracoccidioidomicose experimental : influencia da virulencia fungica, da linhagem murina e de citocinas pro-inflamatorias
Title Alternative: Thymic atrophy during experimental paracoccidioidomycosis : influence of fungal virulence, murine strain and pro-inflammatory cytokines
Author: Brito, Vania Nieto
Advisor: Verinaud, Liana Maria Cardoso, 1959-
Abstract: Resumo: O timo e o local de maturacao dos linfocitos T que coordenam a resposta imune apos o reconhecimento de antigenos; apesar disso, torna-se alvo em diversas infeccoes. O P. brasiliensis, causador da paracoccidioidomicose, e capaz de invadir o timo e induzir atrofia deste orgao em animais experimentais. Neste estudo, foi analisada a influencia da virulencia fungica (cepas Pb18 e Pb265), da linhagem murina (A/J e B10.A) e de citocinas pro-inflamatorias (TNF e IFN-g) nesse fenomeno. As leveduras da cepa virulenta Pb18 persistiram no timo por um periodo maior e induziram alteracoes histopatologicas mais intensas, embora o isolado Pb265, de baixa virulencia, tambem tenha causado atrofia. O padrao de atrofia, caracterizado por perda de peso do orgao, aumento na taxa de apoptose e perda de delimitacao corticomedular foi semelhante nas duas linhagens, contudo os camundongos B10.A apresentaram tambem alteracoes quantitativas nas subpopulacoes de timocitos e linfocitos T esplenicos. A infeccao fungica também provocou a depressao da resposta proliferativa frente a ConA de timocitos e esplenocitos de camundongos B10.A por um periodo mais prolongado do que de animais da linhagem A/J. Em ambas as linhagens, a infeccao provocou aumento na porcentagem de linfocitos T esplenicos de fenotipo CD4+CD8+. Houve reducao no numero de celulas timicas positivas para TNF e IFN-g apos infeccao com o P. brasiliensis. Utilizando-se camundongos deficientes para o receptor p55 de TNF ou para a producao de IFN-g, verificou-se que o TNF medeia o aumento na apoptose de timocitos pos-infeccao enquanto a perda de peso e da delimitação corticomedular sao desencadeadas pelo IFN-g. Nossos resultados indicam que a atrofia timica observada na paracoccidioidomicose experimental envolve a interacao de fatores relacionados ao fungo e ao hospedeiro, que podem influenciar o curso da doenca

Abstract: Thymus is the site of T cells maturation that orchestrates specific immune response following antigen recognition. In spite of this, it can be a target during many infectious diseases. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, the etiological agent of paracoccidioidomycosis, is able to invade the thymus inducing atrophy in experimental models. In this study, it was analyzed the influence of fungal virulence (Pb18 and Pb265 isolates), murine strain (A/J e B10.A) and proinflammatory cytokines (TNF e IFN-g) in this phenomenon. Yeasts from virulent strain Pb18 persisted for a larger period in the thymus and induced stronger histopathological alterations, although poorly virulent Pb265 also has induced thymic atrophy. The pattern of atrophy that embodied organ weight decreases, increases in the apoptotic levels and the loss of corticomedullary delimitation was similar in both strains. However, B10. A strain also presented quantitative changes in the thymic and splenic T cell subpopulations. This strain showed a decreased proliferative response of thymocytes and splenocytes to Concanavalin A for a larger period than A/J strain, as well. Both strains had augmentation in the percentage of splenic CD4+CD8+ T cells. There was reduction in the amount of cells positive to TNF and IFN-g in the thymus after infection with P. brasiliensis. By using mice deficient to production of IFN-g or to p55 receptor of TNF it was seen that the TNF mediates the increase of apoptosis that takes place in the thymus after the infection, whereas organ weight decreases and loss of corticomedullary delimitation are performed by IFN-g. Our results suggest that thymic atrophy observed during experimental paracoccidioidomycosis involves interaction of fungal and host related factors and, most probably, influences the course of disease
Subject: Paracoccidioides
Paracoccidioidomicose
Timo
Atrofia tímica
Fator de necrose tumoral alfa
Interferon gama recombinante
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Citation: BRITO, Vania Nieto. Atrofia timica na paracoccidioidomicose experimental: influencia da virulencia fungica, da linhagem murina e de citocinas pro-inflamatorias. 2005. 147p. Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Biologia, Campinas, SP. Disponível em: <http://www.repositorio.unicamp.br/handle/REPOSIP/316953>. Acesso em: 4 ago. 2018.
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:IB - Tese e Dissertação

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
Brito_VaniaNieto_D.pdf17.24 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.