Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/313954
Type: TESE
Degree Level: Doutorado
Title: Memória metabólica de células beta pancreática controla a secreção de insulina e é mediada pela CaMKII = Metabolic memory of pancreatic beta cell controls insulin secretion and is mediated by CaMKII
Title Alternative: Metabolic memory of pancreatic beta cell controls insulin secretion and is mediated by CaMKII
Author: Santos, Gustavo Jorge, 1986-
Advisor: Boschiero, Antonio Carlos, 1943-
Abstract: Resumo: Introdução: A Cálcio-Calmodulina quinase II (CaMKII) atua tanto na regulação da secreção de insulina com de neurotransmissores pela mesma via de sinalização. Além disso, a CaMKII é conhecida por ser a "molécula da memória", pois sua atividade é fundamental em sua formação. Portanto, hipotetizamos que células ß pancreática tem a capacidade de adquirir e estocar informações contidas em pulsos de cálcio, formando uma memória metabólica. Métodos: Para comprovar nossa hipótese, desenvolvemos um novo paradigma de exposição de células ? a pulsos de 30 mM de glicose, seguido de uma período de consolidação (24 hrs) para excluir qualquer efeito agudo do metabolismo da glicose. Após esse período analizamos a secreção de insulina (RIA), expressão proteica (Western blot), a resposta secretória frente a uma "rampa de glicose" e o Ca2+ citoplasmático induzido por glicose. Resultados: Células ß expostas a pulsos de glicose (30 mM) mostraram maior secreção de insulina estimulada por glucose, evidenciando a memória metabólica a qual foi totalmente dependente a CaMKII. Esse fenômeno foi refletido na expressão proteica de proteínas importantes na sinalização do cálcio e na secreção de insulina. Além disso, células expostas ao regime de pulsos de glucose apresentaram maior expressão do MAFA, um fator de transcrição chave para a função da célula ß. Conclusão: Em suma, assim como neurônios, células ß tumorais (MIN6), ilhotas de camundongos e de humanos são capazes de adquirir, estocar e evocar informações

Abstract: Backgroun: Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) functions both in regulation of insulin secretion and neurotransmitter release through common downstream mediators. Memory is the ability to acquire, to store and to evocate any kind of information. In CNS, the process behind this phenomenon in the Long-Term Potentiation (LTP) and is known that it requires Ca2+ to occur. In additional, CaMKII is necessary to store information during LTP. In pancreatic ß-cells, CaMKII plays pivotal role during GSIS process. Therefore, we hypothesized that pancreatic ß-cells acquire and store the information contained in Ca2+ pulses as a form of "metabolic memory", just as neurons store cognitive information. Methods: To test this hypothesis, we developed a novel paradigm of pulsed exposure of mice and human ß-cells to intervals of high glucose, followed by a 24-hour consolidation period to eliminate any acute metabolic effects. After this period, we analyzed insulin secretion (by RIA), protein expression (by Western blot), response to a glucose-ramp and the glucose-induced Ca2+ influx. Results: Strikingly, ß-cells exposed to this high-glucose pulse paradigm exhibited significantly stronger insulin secretion. This metabolic memory was entirely dependent on CaMKII. We also observed, in pulse group, an increase in Ca2+ influx induced by glucose. In additional, metabolic memory was reflected on the protein level by increased expression of proteins involved in GSIS and Ca2+-dependent vesicle secretion, such as GCK, Cav1.2, SNAP25, pCaMKII and pSynapsin. Finally, we observed in human islet elevated levels of the key ß cell transcription factor MAFA. Discussion: Based on or findings we conclude that pancreatic ß cells, either from mice or humans, have the ability to acquire, store and retrieve information. This process is CaMKII-dependent and is due to modifications in the glucose-sensing machinery of the cell, since we observed an increase in GSIS and Ca2+ influx together with an increase in several proteins involved in this process. Our findings suggests that MAFA is the key effector in this memory, since (a) it is a potent activator of insulin gene, (b)is activated by CaMKII and (c) its expression is increased even 24 hours after the last pulse. Conclusion: In summary, like neurons, human and mouse ß-cells are able to acquire and retrieve information
Subject: Insulina - Secreção
Cálcio
Proteína quinase tipo 2 dependente de cálcio-calmodulina
Sinalização do cálcio
Editor: [s.n.]
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:IB - Tese e Dissertação

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