Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/312328
Type: DISSERTAÇÃO
Degree Level: Mestrado
Title: Aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto
Author: Goulart, Gladstone
Advisor: Guillaumon, Ana Terezinha, 1951-
Abstract: Resumo: o presente estudo tem por finalidade estabelecer um programa de atendimento ao paciente do PS com dor abdominal aguda, suspeito de AAAR, para reduzir os graus de morbidade e mortalidade. Foram atendidos no PS do Hospital de Clínicas da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas na Unicamp, de janeiro de 1990 a dezembro de 1995, 23 pacientes com dores abdominais, sendo 20 homens e três mulheres com idade de 44 a 80. Seis pacientes (26,08%) tinham conhecimento da doença e 17 (73,91%) não tinham. Cinco pacientes (22%) foram encaminhados de outros hospitais com diagnóstico equivocado: cólica renal, pancreatite, patologias de coluna vertebral e lombalgia. Foram operados 18 pacientes (78,26%) de urgência e cinco pacientes (21,73%) de emergência. Dos cinco pacientes atendidos na emergência, quatro já tinham feito US, dois com TC e um paciente sem nenhum exame. Na urgência, oito pacientes (34,78%) fIZeramUS e 15 pacientes fizeram Te. Os 23 pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: os que apresentavam quadro clínico de rotura e que foram atendidos no PS antes de 24h e os que foram atendidos após 24h. Dos 23 pacientes, sobreviveram dez (43,47%) com 56,52% de mortalidade. O infarto agudo do miocárdio foi a patologia que causou maior número de óbitos. A cirurgia para correção do AAAR mostrou que os pacientes atendidos na emergência com evolução clínica de rotura maior que 24h apresentaram melhor sobrevida no pós-operatório que os pacientes com evolução clínica de rotura menor que 24h. Os pacientes atendidos na urgência em comparação com os da emergência apresentaram uma melhor sobrevida no pós-operatório. Assim, conclui-se que quando houver forte suspeita clínica de AAAR, os pacientes devem ser encaminhados imediatamente à sala de operação. O paciente deve ser tratado cirurgicamente antes de transcorridas 24h do primeiro sintoma, considerando que o diagnóstico de AAAR é essencialmente clínico. Os pacientes admitidos no PS, com quadro clínico de abdome agudo devem ser submetidos à laparotomia exploratória, não se esquecendo de que pode ser AAART. Os pacientes com história de AAA serão submetidos à laparotomia para o tratamento da rotura do aneurisma. Os pacientes com mais de 60 anos de idade devem ser submetidos a exame de imagem para avaliar aorta e tratar profilaticamente o aneurisma antes da rotura

Abstract: The present study OOsthe objective of both establishing a nursing in the Emergency room (E.R) for patients suspected, of OOvingruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) and reducing the morbidity and mortality rates. Twenty-three patients with acute abdominal pain were operated on in the emergency room of Clinical Hospital in the Unicamp between January 1990 and December 1995: twenty men and three women with ages varying ftom 44 to 80. Six patients (26,08%) OOdprevious knowledge of their illness and 17 (73,91%) didn't OOveany. Five patients (22%) OOdcome from other hospitaIs with wrong diagnostic: renal pain, pancreatic and vertebral spine pathology. Eighteen patients (78,26%) underwent urgent surgery and five patients (21,73%) were operated on in the Emergency room (E.R). From these, four had already undergone US, two had done CT and one had no exams. In the Urgency room (D.R), eight patients (34,78%) had undergone US and fifteen OOddone CT. The patients were separated in two groups: those who presented clinical characteristics oí ruptured aneurysm and were hospitalized within 24h and the others afier 24h. From the total of 23 patients, 13 did not survive. The acute myocardial infarction was the pathology, which caused high mortality rates. CONCLUSION: l-Surgery to correct RAAA showed that patients were nursed into the Emergency room with clinical evolution of ruptured afier 24h, showed a better post-operative prognosis than patients of ruptured before 24h; 2-The patients were nursed in the Urgency room comparing with those of Emergency room, showed a better prognosis in the post-operative. So, we conclude tOOtwhen there is strong medical suspicion of RAAA, patients must be immediately taken to the operating room; 3-Patients must be surgically treated within 24h ofthe first syrnptoms, considering tOOthe RAAA diagnosis is essentially clinical; 4-Patients taken into the Emergency room, with acute abdominal pain ofunknown cause, must be submitted to a sound surgery, OOvingin mind tOOthe result can be that of a tamponed RAAA; S-Patients with AAA history will OOveto undergo on operation to correct the rupture of the aneurysm; 6-Patients over 60 must OOvethe aorta evaluated through CT or US and the aneurysm prophylatically treated to prevent rupturing. With the achieved results, a proposed protocol was elaborated, translated into the following algorithm: ...Note: The complete abstract is available with the full electronic digital thesis or dissertations
Subject: Abdome agudo
Aneurisma da aorta
Emergencias cirurgicas
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:FCM - Tese e Dissertação

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