Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/309966
Type: TESE
Degree Level: Doutorado
Title: Alterações renais precoces em um modelo experimental que combina hipertensão arterial genetica e diabetes mellitus : efeitos do tratamento anti-hipertensivo
Title Alternative: Early renal abnormalities in a experimental model that combind genetic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus : effect of anty-hypertensive treatment
Author: Amazonas, Roberto Bleuel
Advisor: Faria, Jose Butori Lopes de, 1955-
Abstract: Resumo: No diabetes mellitus (DM), a hipertensão arterial (HA) é o principal fator associado ao desenvolvimento e progressão da nefi-opatia diabética (ND). Os mecanismos de interação entre HA e DM no agravamento da ND são pouco conhecidos. No presente trabalho investigamos a contribuição da HA nas alterações renais precoces de um modelo que combina HA e DM. Ratos machos com 4 semanas de idade, espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR) e seus controles Wistar Kyoto (WKY), foram tornados diabéticos através da injeção endovenosa de estreptozotocina. Os ratos SHR com DM foram randomizados para tratamento com captopril, losartan, terapia triplice (hidroclorotiazida, reserpina e hidralazina) e nenhum tratamento por 20 dias. O aumento na pressão sistólica foi igualmente previnido pelos diversos esquemas anti-hipertensivos. A expressão glomerular de nemna estava reduzida nos animais SHR controle em relação aos animais WKY, e de forma mais acentuada no grupo SHR DM. A prevenção da HA foi capaz de evitar a redução na nemna, bem como reduzir a albuminúria. A superfície, expressão de fibronectina e TGF 131 glomerulares estavam significativamente aumentadas no grupo SHR diabético em relação ao grupo SHR controle e foi prevenida pelos diversos tratamentos. A replicação de células renais foi significativamente menor no grupo SHR diabético em relação ao controle, e restaurado com a prevenção da hipertensão arterial. A expressão glomerular de p27Kipl estava aumentada no grupo SHR diabético, mas não foi modificada pelo tratamento anti-hipertensivo. Em conclusão a presença da HA em ratos diabéticos induziu o aparecimento de alterações renais precoces que puderam ser previnidas com o tratamento anti-hipertensivo, independente da classe de droga utilizada

Abstract: In diabetic patients hypertension is the main secondary factor associated with the development and progression of renal disease. However, the mechanism of interaction between diabetes and hypertension to exacerbate diabetic renal disease is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of presence of hypertension had on nephrin expression, glomerular hypertrophy, renal celI replication and accumulation of glomerular TGF f3 and fibronectin in a model of genetic hypertension and experimental diabetes mellitus. Four-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and their normotensive control Wistar K yoto (WKY) were rendered diabetic by means of intravenously injection of streptozotocin. To further assess the contribution ofhypertension to renal abnormalities diabetic SHR were randomÍzed for no treatment, or for treatment with captopril, losartan or triple therapy (hydrochlorothiazide, reserpine and hydralazine) for 20 days. Increase in systolic blood pressure was equally prevented by captopril (113 :i: 9mmHg), losartan (115 :!:: 16) and triple therapy (108 :i: 12, p<0.005). Glomerular expression of nephrin was reduced in SHR and further diminished in diabetic SHR in comparison with controls and the antihypertensive treatment prevents the reduction in glomerular expression of nephrin. Glomerular sÍze was higher (p<0.005) in diabetic SHR (27,300 :i: 2130 Jim2) compared with non-diabetic SHR (23,800 :!:: 307). The antihypertensive therapy with captopril (23,900 :i: 175), losartan (23,800 :i:120), and triple therapy (23,400 :i:21O) prevented the glomerular enlargement in diabetic SHR. Glomerular expression of TGF f3 and fibronectin was significantly increased in diabetic SHR as compared to the controls, and was prevented with captopril, losartan and triple therapy. The number of replicating glomerular cell significantly decreased in diabetic SHR and it was restored by alI three antihypertensive regimes. The glomerular expression of p27Kipl was significantly higher in diabetic SHR but it was not modified by antihypertensive treatment. In diabetic rats the presence of genetic hypertension induced early renal abnormalities that were prevented by strict control of blood pressure. These abnormalities may be involved in the mechanism of interaction between diabetes and hypertension to exacerba te renal disease
Subject: Diabetes Mellitus
Nefropatias diabeticas
Hipertensão
Inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:FCM - Tese e Dissertação

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
Amazonas_RobertoBleuel_D.pdf3.43 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.