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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Fluid dynamic modelling and simulation of circulating fluidized bed reactors: importance of the interface turbulence transfer
Author: Alves, José Jailson Nicácio
Martignoni, Waldir Pedro
Mori, Milton
Abstract: The main objective of this work is to analyze the importance of the gas-solid interface transfer of the kinetic energy of the turbulent motion on the accuracy of prediction of the fluid dynamic of Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) reactors. CFB reactors are used in a variety of industrial applications related to combustion, incineration and catalytic cracking. In this work a two-dimensional fluid dynamic model for gas-particle flow has been used to compute the porosity, the pressure, and the velocity fields of both phases in 2-D axisymmetrical cylindrical co-ordinates. The fluid dynamic model is based on the two fluid model approach in which both phases are considered to be continuous and fully interpenetrating. CFB processes are essentially turbulent. The model of effective stress on each phase is that of a Newtonian fluid, where the effective gas viscosity was calculated from the standard k-epsilon turbulence model and the transport coefficients of the particulate phase were calculated from the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF). This work shows that the turbulence transfer between the phases is very important for a better representation of the fluid dynamics of CFB reactors, especially for systems with internal recirculation and high gradients of particle concentration. Two systems with different characteristics were analyzed. The results were compared with experimental data available in the literature. The results were obtained by using a computer code developed by the authors. The finite volume method with collocated grid, the hybrid interpolation scheme, the false time step strategy and SIMPLEC (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations - Consistent) algorithm were used to obtain the numerical solution.
Subject: Circulating fluidized bed
kinetic theory of granular flows
mathematical modeling
finite volume method
Editor: The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0100-73862001000100008
Date Issue: 1-Jan-2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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