Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/275421
Type: TESE
Degree Level: Doutorado
Title: Influencia da utilização do mobiliario adaptado na postura sentada de individuos com paralisia cerebral espastica
Author: Braccialli, Ligia Maria Presumido
Advisor: Vilarta, Roberto, 1956-
Abstract: Resumo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a postura sentada de crianças com paralisia cerebral espástica, verificando a existência de diferenças nessa postura. As crianças utilizaram mobiliário que fornecia apoio para membros superiores e inferiores. Primeiramente foi desenhado e confeccionado o mobiliário necessário para a realização da pesquisa. Em seguida realizou-se um estudo piloto, com um sujeito sem alterações neurológicas, com a finalidade de detectar-se o melhor posicionamento da filmadora e definir os pontos de referência que seriam demarcados na coluna das crianças com paralisia cerebral. Participaram da coleta de dados 10 sujeitos diagnosticados como portadores de paralisia cerebral do tipo espástica, de ambos os sexos, na faixa etária de 8 a 15 anos, que dispunham de um bom controle de tronco, ou seja, mantinham-se na postura sentada sem auxílio. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram previamente avaliados para certificar-se das habilidades funcionais de cada indivíduo e assegurar que os mesmos dispunham das condições necessárias para serem submetidos à análise fotogramétrica computadorizada. Após a avaliação os sujeitos foram filmados em diversas situações norteado pelo modelo de pesquisa experimental A-B-1

Abstract: The present study had as objective to evaluate the sitting posture of children with spastic cerebral palsy, searching the existence of differences in that posture. The children make use of he furniture that furnished support for superior and inferior members. First it was drawn and manufactured the necessary furniture to accomplish the research. After that, you accomplished a pilot study, with a subject without neurologyc alterations, with the purpose of detecting the better position of the film and to define the reference points that would be demarcated in the children's spine with cerebral palsy. Ten diagnosed people participated ofthe datum collected as spastic cerebral palsy porters, people of both sex, between eight to fifteen years, that have a good control of the trunk, that is to maintain the sitting posture without any help. People that participated of the research were previously evaluated to search the functional abilities of ach person and to assure the same had necessary conditions to be submitted at a computer fotogrametric analyses. After the valuation, people were filmed in several situations, guided for the model ofthe experimental research A-B-A, that is, each person was first filmed in the sitting position without support to superior and inferior members. After that, it was accomplished the film, making use of the furniture with support to superior and inferior members. After that you accomplished a new film in the sitting position without superior and inferior members. The datum obtained in each posture was first submitted to a described analyses and after, it was made the use oftests about Variant Analyses ofFriedman and the Multiple Comparisons. The results showed that the use of the table to support the arms helped the maintenance of physiological curvature of the spine; the support to the feet contributed to the deterioration of the back curvature causing a worse sitting posture and the use of abductor for legs not interfere in the spine position in people with spastic cerebral palsy
Subject: Paralisia cerebral
Postura humana
Mobiliario
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:FEF - Tese e Dissertação

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