Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/26506
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: A influência de variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e funcionais sobre a qualidade de vida de idosos com artroplastia total do quadril
Title Alternative: The influence of sociodemographic, clinical and functional variables on the quality of life of elderly people with total hip arthroplasty
Author: Rampazo, Mariana K.
D'Elboux, Maria José
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of elderly people with total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to investigate the relationships and influences of the sociodemographic, clinical and functional variables of these subjects. METHODS: The HRQOL was evaluated by means of the Brazilian versions of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), a general instrument, and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), a specific instrument. Eighty-eight elderly people of both genders with primary unilateral THA were recruited. The data were subjected to descriptive analysss, univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to investigate the influences of the variables studied in the dimensions of the SF-36 and WOMAC; and the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests to compare instrument scores between the variables. RESULTS: There was a predominance of women in the study sample, and their mean age was 68.8 (± 7.4) years. Hip function, as assessed by the Harris Hip Score, had a significant influence on HRQOL from the perspective of both the general and the specific instruments. The use of accessories for locomotion, hip functions and satisfaction with the surgery were the main variables that demonstrated significant differences in the dimensions of the SF-36 and the WOMAC. CONCLUSIONS: Investments in functional and rehabilitation programs aimed towards the peculiarities of elderly people with THA can benefit this population.
OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) de idosos com Artroplastia Total de Quadril (ATQ) e investigar a relação e a influência de variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e funcionais nesses sujeitos. MÉTODOS: A QVRS foi avaliada por meio das versões brasileiras dos instrumentos genérico The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) e específico Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) em 88 idosos com ATQ primária e unilateral de ambos os gêneros. Os dados foram submetidos às análises estatísiticas: descritiva; análise de variância univariada (ANOVA) e multivariada (MANOVA) para verificar a influência das variáveis estudadas nas dimensões do SF-36 e do WOMAC e testes de Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis para comparação dos escores dos instrumentos entre as variáveis. RESULTADOS: A amostra estudada teve predomínio das mulheres, e a média de idade foi de 68,8(±7,4) anos. A função do quadril, avaliada pelo Harris Hip Score, foi a variável que apresentou influência significativa na QVRS sob a perspectiva do instrumento genérico e do específico. O uso de acessórios para a locomoção, a função do quadril e a satisfação com a cirurgia foram as principais variáveis que apresentaram diferenças significativas nas dimensões do SF-36 e do WOMAC. CONCLUSÕES: Investimentos no âmbito funcional e programas de reabilitação direcionados às peculiaridades dos idosos com ATQ podem beneficiar essa população.
Subject: qualidade de vida
artroplastia de quadril
idosos
quality of life
hip arthroplasty
elderly people
Editor: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552010000300006
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-35552010000300006
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-35552010000300006
Date Issue: 1-Jun-2010
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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