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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of methylxanthines from maté tea leaves
Author: Saldaña, M.D.A.
Mohamed, R.S.
Mazzafera, P.
Abstract: Methylxanthines are alkaloids found in natural products such as tea, coffee and guaraná. These alkaloids are commonly used in cola drinks and pharmaceutical products due principally to their stimulant and diuretic effects on the human organism. In this work, experimental data on the supercritical CO2 extraction of caffeine, theophylline and theobromine from herbal maté tea, a beverage traditionally consumed by the gauchos of southern Brazil, the Argentine, Paraguay and Uruguay, were obtained using high pressure extraction equipment that allows adequate control of temperature and pressure. The continuous extraction/fractionation of maté tea leaves, Ilex paraguariensis in natura using carbon dioxide was carried out at 313.2 and 343.2 K and pressures of 13.8 and 25.5 MPa. Extraction/fractionation curves revealed the large influence of temperature and pressure on extraction yield. CO2 was also found to show a higher selectivity for caffeine than for theophylline and theobromine.
Subject: Supercritical extraction
Ilex paraguariensis
Editor: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0104-66322000000300001
Date Issue: 1-Sep-2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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