Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/25934
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Regional integration and Brazilian Foreign Policy: Strategies in the South American space
Author: Pecequilo, Cristina Soreanu
Carmo, Corival Alves do
Abstract: The aim of the article is to present, based on theoretical studies of integration, the evolution of this process in Latin America and, most recently, in South America. Based on these studies, the goal is to analyze the role played by Brazil in the process, which defines as priorities of its foreign policy a regional and global framework for its international action that is based on both cooperation and power projection.The research has been conducted based on theories of integration, an historical background on Latin American integration and in Brazilian foreign policy, through its contemporary agenda. The answer was based on a comparative agenda and in a bibliographical critical analysis of the research material.The main findings of the paper point out that Latin American integration has specific features linked to the economic, political and stragetic realities of the continent that show the limitations of some theories applied to the European process, also that it depends on Brazilian foreign policy actions, that still sees the region as instrumental to its interests. So, Brazil sometimes fail to fulfill some requisites of integration that are essential to sustain its projects. Therefore, there is a cycle of enlargement and deepening of regional integration process in this political space that point out to the need of a more sustained compromise of Brazilian foreign policy towards these projects. If Brazil continues not to sustain these projects, they will lose momentum and significance once more, increasing power asymmetries in the region.
Desde a criação da Associação Latino-Americana de Livre Comércio em 1960, os projetos de integração regional na América Latina apresentaram diversos estágios políticos e econômicos. Assim, o objetivo do artigo é expor, a partir da base teórica dos estudos de integração, a evolução do processo integracionista na América Latina e, no período mais recente, na América do Sul. A partir desta análise, visa-se avaliar qual o papel desempenhado pelo Brasil no processo, que tem com propósitos da agenda de política externa do país o exercício de uma ação regional e global, que alterna tanto a cooperação quanto a projeção de poder. Para isto, o texto encontra-se dividido nas seguintes seções, além da introdução e conclusão: (II) Abordagem Teórica (III) Uma Visão da Integração: a América Latina e a Política Externa Brasileira (IV) Desafios da Integração: o Desenvolvimento e a América Latina (1960/1970) (V) Da ALAC à ALADI (VI) A Reaproximação Brasil-Argentina: da Crise Política e Econômica ao Mercosul (1980) (VII) O Neoliberalismo e o Fim da Guerra Fria: O Retrocesso dos anos 1990 (VIII) O Renascimento do Espaço Sul-Americano: Geopolítica e Geoeconomia (2000/2012).
Subject: integração
América do Sul
política externa brasileira
integration
south america
brazilian foreign policy
regional policies
development
Editor: Universidade Federal do Paraná
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782013000400003
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-44782013000400003
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-44782013000400003
Date Issue: 1-Dec-2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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