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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Surface charges and external electric field in a toroid carrying a steady current
Author: Hernandes, J. A.
Assis, A. K. T.
Abstract: We solve the problem of a resistive toroid carrying a steady azimuthal current. We use standard toroidal coordinates, in which case Laplace's equation is R-separable. We obtain the electric potential inside and outside the toroid, in two separate cases: 1) the toroid is solid; 2) the toroid is hollow (a toroidal shell). Considering these two cases, there is a difference in the potential inside the hollow and solid toroids. We also present the electric field and the surface charge distribution in the conductor due to this steady current. These surface charges generat not only the electric field that maintains the current flowing, but generate also the electric field outside the conductor. The problem of a toroid is interesting because it is a problem with finite geometry, with the whole system (including the battery) contained within a finite region of space. The problem is solved in an exact analytical form. We compare our theoretical results with an experimental figure demonstrating the existence of the electric field outside the conductor carrying steady current.
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Física
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332004000800041
Date Issue: 1-Dec-2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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