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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Graphite as a bose metal
Author: Kopelevich, Yakov
Abstract: Although a considerable amount of the research work has been done on graphite, its physical properties are still not well understood, and novel phenomena such as the magnetic-field-driven metal-insulator transition (MIT), the quantum Hall effect, ferromagnetic and superconducting correlations have recently been revealed. Theoretical analysis suggests that the MIT in graphite is the condensed-matter realization of the magnetic catalysis phenomenon known in relativistic theories of (2 + 1) - dimensional Dirac fermions (DF), i. e. that the applied field opens an insulating gap in the spectrum of DF, associated with the electron-hole pairing. On the other hand, we demonstrate in this paper that a two parameter scaling analysis proposed by Das and Doniach [D. Das and S. Doniach, Phys. Rev. B 64, 134511 (2001)] to characterize the magnetic-field-tuned Bose metal - insulator transition can be well applied to the MIT observed in graphite. We discuss the possibility that the MIT in graphite is associated with the transition between Bose metal and excitonic insulator states.
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Física
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0103-97332003000400020
Date Issue: 1-Dec-2003
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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