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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Neural Mechanisms And Delayed Gastric Emptying Of Liquid Induced Through Acute Myocardial Infarction In Rats
Author: Ramirez Nunez
Wilson Ranu; Ozaki
Michiko Regina; Vinagre
Adriana Mendes; Collares
Edgard Ferro; de Almeida
Eros Antonio
Abstract: Background: In pathological situations, such as acute myocardial infarction, disorders of motility of the proximal gut can trigger symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Acute myocardial infarction delays gastric emptying (GE) of liquid in rats. Objective: Investigate the involvement of the vagus nerve, alpha 1-adrenoceptors, central nervous system GABA(B) receptors and also participation of paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in GE and gastric compliance (GC) in infarcted rats. Methods: Wistar rats, N = 8-15 in each group, were divided as INF group and sham (SH) group and subdivided. The infarction was performed through ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. GC was estimated with pressure-volume curves. Vagotomy was performed by sectioning the dorsal and ventral branches. To verify the action of GABA(B) receptors, baclofen was injected via icv (intracerebroventricular). Intravenous prazosin was used to produce chemical sympathectomy. The lesion in the PVN of the hypothalamus was performed using a 1mA/10s electrical current and GE was determined by measuring the percentage of gastric retention (% GR) of a saline meal. Results: No significant differences were observed regarding GC between groups; vagotomy significantly reduced % GR in INF group; icv treatment with baclofen significantly reduced % GR. GABA(B) receptors were not conclusively involved in delaying GE; intravenous treatment with prazosin significantly reduced GR% in INF group. PVN lesion abolished the effect of myocardial infarction on GE. Conclusion: Gastric emptying of liquids induced through acute myocardial infarction in rats showed the involvement of the vagus nerve, alpha1-adrenergic receptors and PVN.
Subject: Paraventricular Nucleus
Awake Rats
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.5935/abc.20140190
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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