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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Healthy Men And High Mortality: Contributions From A Population-based Study For The Gender Paradox Discussion
Author: Bastos
Tassia Fraga; Canesqui
Ana Maria; de Azevedo Barros
Marilisa Berti
Abstract: Background Inequalities between men and women in morbidity and mortality show a contrast, which has been called gender paradox. Most studies evaluating this paradox were conducted in high-income countries and, until now, few investigations have been performed in Brazil. This study aims to estimate the magnitude of inequalities between adult men and women in several dimensions: demographic and socioeconomic, health behaviors, morbidity, use of health services and mortality. Methods The data were obtained from population-based household survey carried out in Campinas (Campinas Health Survey 2008/09) corresponding to 957 people, and data from the Mortality Information System (MIS) between 2009 and 2011. Prevalences and prevalence ratios were analyzed in order to verify the differences between men and women regarding socioeconomic and demographic variables, health behaviors, morbidities and consultations in the last two weeks. Mortality rates and the ratio between coefficients considering the underlying causes of death were calculated. Results Women had a greater disadvantage in socioeconomic indicators, chronic diseases diagnosed by a health professional and referred health problems as well as make more use of health services, while men presented higher frequency of most unhealthy behaviors and excessive mortality for all causes investigated. Conclusions The findings contribute to the discussion of gender paradox and demonstrate the need to employ health actions that consider the differences between men and women in the various health dimensions analyzed. The premature male mortality from preventable causes was outstanding, making clear the need for more effective prevention and health promotion directed to this segment of the population.
Subject: Sex-differences
Physical Inactivity
Citation: Healthy Men And High Mortality: Contributions From A Population-based Study For The Gender Paradox Discussion. Public Library Science, v. 10, p. DEC-2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144520
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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