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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Marine-derived Fungi: Diversity Of Enzymes And Biotechnological Applications
Author: Bonugli-Santos
Rafaella C.; dos Santos Vasconcelos
Maria R.; Passarini
Michel R. Z.; Vieira
Gabriela A. L.; Lopes
Viviane C. P.; Mainardi
Pedro H.; dos Santos
Juliana A.; Duarte
Lidia de Azevedo; Otero
Igor V. R.; da Silva Yoshida
Aline M.; Feitosa
Valker A.; Pessoa
Jr.; Sette
Lara D.
Abstract: The ocean is considered to be a great reservoir of biodiversity. Microbial communities in marine environments are ecologically relevant as intermediaries of energy, and play an important role in nutrient regeneration cycles as decomposers of dead and decaying organic matter. In this sense, marine-derived fungi can be considered as a source of enzymes of industrial and/or environmental interest. Fungal strains isolated from different substrates, such as invertebrates, decaying wood, seawater, sediments, and mangrove detritus, have been reported to be producers of hydrolytic and/or oxidative enzymes, with alginate lyase, amylase, cellulase, chitinase, glucosidase, inulinase, keratinase, ligninase, lipase, nuclease, phytase, protease, and xylanase being among the enzymes produced by fungi of marine origin. These enzymes present temperature and pH optima ranging from 35 to 70 degrees C, and 3.0 to 11.0, respectively. High-level production in bioreactors is mainly performed using submerged-state fermentation. Certain marine-derived fungal strains present enzymes with alkaline and cold-activity characteristics, and salinity is considered an important condition in screening and production processes. The adaptability of marine-derived fungi to oceanic conditions can be considered an attractive point in the field of fungal marine biotechnology. In this review, we focus on the advances in discovering enzymes from marine-derived fungi and their biotechnological relevance.
Subject: Polycyclic Aromatic-hydrocarbons
Yeast Aureobasidium-pullulans
Solid-state Fermentation
White-rot Fungus
Response-surface Methodology
Lignin-degrading Enzymes
Filamentous Fungi
Inulin Hydrolysis
Extracellular Inulinase
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00269
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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