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Type: Artigo
Title: Malva sylvestris inhibits inflammatory response in oral human cells. An in vitro infection model
Author: Benso, Bruna
Rosalen, Pedro Luiz
Alencar, Severino Matias
Murata, Ramiro Mendonça
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Malva sylvestris extract (MSE) and fractions in a co-culture model of cells infected by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. In addition, we evaluated the phytochemical content in the extract and fractions of M. sylvestris and demonstrated that polyphenols were the most frequent group in all samples studied. An in vitro dual-chamber model to mimic the periodontal structure was developed using a monolayer of epithelial keratinocytes (OBA-9) and a subepithelial layer of fibroblasts (HGF-1). The invasive periodontopathogen A. actinomycetemcomitans (D7S-1) was applied to migrate through the cell layers and induce the synthesis of immune factors and cytokines in the host cells. In an attempt to analyze the antimicrobial properties of MSE and fractions, a susceptibility test was carried out. The extract (MIC 175 mu g/mL, MBC 500 mu g/mL) and chloroform fraction (MIC 150 mu g/mL, MBC 250 mu g/mL) were found to have inhibitory activity. The extract and all fractions were assessed using a cytotoxicity test and results showed that concentrations under 100 mu g/mL did not significantly reduce cell viability compared to the control group (p > 0.05, viability > 90%). In order to analyze the inflammatory response, transcriptional factors and cytokines were quantified in the supernatant released from the cells. The chloroform fraction was the most effective in reducing the bacterial colonization (p < 0.05) and controlling inflammatory mediators, and promoted the down-regulation of genes including IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, CD14, PTGS, MMP-1 and FOS as well as the reduction of the IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8 and GM-CSF protein levels (p < 0.05). Malva sylvestris and its chloroform fraction minimized the A. actinomycetemcomitans infection and inflammation processes in oral human cells by a putative pathway that involves important cytokines and receptors. Therefore, this natural product may be considered as a successful dual anti-inflammatory-antimicrobial candidate
Subject: Porphyromonas gingivalis
Extratos vegetais
Doenças periodontais
Produtos biológicos
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: Public Library of Science
Citation: Malva Sylvestris Inhibits Inflammatory Response In Oral Human Cells. An In Vitro Infection Model. Public Library Science, v. 10, p. OCT-2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140331
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:FCA - Artigos e Outros Documentos
FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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