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Type: Artigo
Title: Synaptic input changes to spinal cord motoneurons correlate with motor control impairments in a type 1 diabetes mellitus model
Author: Benitez, Suzana Ulian
Carneiro, Everardo Magalhães
Oliveira, Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de
Abstract: Hyperglycemia is the main cause of diabetic complications, contributing to a widespread degeneration of the nervous system. Nevertheless, the main focus has been the sensory neurons because of neuropathic pain, while the impairments associated with the spinal cord and motor deficits, mostly of those initiated at early stages of the disease, have been poorly investigated. In this way, the present study used the nonobese diabetic mouse model to evaluate the microenvironment around motoneurons at ventral horn of the spinal cord, following prolonged hyperglycemia. Adult female mice were divided into two groups: spontaneously diabetic (n=33) and nondiabetic (n=26). Mice were considered hyperglycemic when blood glucose surpassed 400mg/dL. Following 2weeks from that stage, part of the animals was euthanized and the lumbar intumescences were obtained and processed for immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. For immunohistochemistry, the antibodies used for integrated density of pixels quantification were anti-synaptophysin, anti-GFAP, and anti-Iba1. The functional analysis was monitored with the walking track test (CatWalk system) during 4weeks. The results revealed significant motor impairment in diabetic animals in comparison to the control group. Such loss of motor control correlated with a significant reduction in presynaptic terminals apposed to the motoneurons. Nevertheless, there were no significant changes in glial reaction in the spinal cord. Overall, the results herein revealed central nervous system changes at early stages of the disease that may in turn contribute to the motor deficit. Such changes open a new window of investigation in early stages of diabetes to better comprehend motor impairment as a long-term complication of the disease
Subject: Medula espinhal
Células do corno anterior
Terminações pré-sinápticas
Camundongos endogâmicos NOD
Neurônios motores
Diabetes Mellitus
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Citation: Synaptic Input Changes To Spinal Cord Motoneurons Correlate With Motor Control Impairments In A Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Model. John Wiley & Sons Inc, v. 5, p. OCT-2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/brb3.372
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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