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|Title:||Iterative mechanism of macrodiolide formation in the anticancer compound conglobatin|
Murphy, Annabel C.
Dias, Luiz Carlos
Leadlay, Peter F.
|Abstract:||Conglobatin is an unusual C-2-symmetrical macrodiolide from the bacterium Streptomyces conglobatus with promising antitumor activity. Insights into the genes and enzymes that govern both the assembly-line production of the conglobatin polyketide and its dimerization are essential to allow rational alterations to be made to the conglobatin structure. We have used a rapid, direct in vitro cloning method to obtain the entire cluster on a 41-kbp fragment, encoding a modular polyketide synthase assembly line. The cloned cluster directs conglobatin biosynthesis in a heterologous host strain. Using a model substrate to mimic the conglobatin monomer, we also show that the conglobatin cyclase/thioesterase acts iteratively, ligating two monomers head-to-tail then re-binding the dimer product and cyclizing it. Incubation of two different monomers with the cyclase produces hybrid dimers and trimers, providing the first evidence that conglobatin analogs may in future become accessible through engineering of the polyketide synthase.|
Conglobatin is an unusual C2-symmetrical macrodiolide from the bacterium Streptomyces conglobatus with promising antitumor activity. Insights into the genes and enzymes that govern both the assembly-line production of the conglobatin polyketide and its di
|Citation:||Iterative Mechanism Of Macrodiolide Formation In The Anticancer Compound Conglobatin. Cell Press, v. 22, p. 745-754 Jun-2015.|
|Appears in Collections:||IQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
FT - Artigos e Outros Documentos
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