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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Vocalization Of Broilers Can Be Used To Identify Their Sex And Genetic Strain
Author: Pereira
Erica M.; Naeaes
Irenilza De A.; Garcia
Rodrigo G.
Abstract: In order to reach higher broiler performance, farmers target losses reduction. One way to make this possible is by rearing sexed broilers as male and female present diverse performance due to their physiological differences. Birds from different genetic strain also have a distinct performance at the same age. Considering that sexed flocks may present higher performance this study aimed to identify one-day-old chicks' sex throughout their vocalization. This research also investigated the possibility of identifying the genetic strain by their vocalization attributes. A total of 120 chicks, half of them were from Cobb (R) genetic strain and the other half from Ross (R) genetic strain. From each group, a total of 30 were males and 30 females, which were previously separated by sex using their secondary physiological characteristics at the hatchery. Vocalizations audio recording was done inside a semi-anechoic chamber using a unidirectional microphone connected to an audio input of a digital recorder. Vocalizations were recorded for two minutes. Acoustic characteristics of the sounds were analyzed being calculated the fundamental frequency Pitch, the sound intensity, the first formant, and second formant. Results indicated that the vocalizations of both sexes could be identified by the second formant, and the genetic strain was detected by both the second formant and the Pitch.
Subject: Calls
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/1809-4430-Eng.Agric.v35n2p192-196/2015
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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