Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/242189
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Anthelmintic Activity In Vivo Of Epiisopiloturine Against Juvenile And Adult Worms Of Schistosoma Mansoni
Author: Guimaraes
Maria A.; de Oliveira
Rosimeire N.; Veras
Leiz M. C.; Lima
David F.; Campelo
Yuri D. M.; Campos
Stefano Augusto; Kuckelhaus
Selma A. S.; Pinto
Pedro L. S.; Eaton
Peter; Mafud
Ana C.; Mascarenhas
Yvonne P.; Allegretti
Silmara M.; de Moraes
Josue; Lolic
Aleksandar; Verbic
Tatjana; Leite
Jose Roberto S. A.
Abstract: Schistosomiasis is a serious disease currently estimated to affect more that 207 million people worldwide. Due to the intensive use of praziquantel, there is increasing concern about the development of drug-resistant strains. Therefore, it is necessary to search for and investigate new potential schistosomicidal compounds. This work reports the in vivo effect of the alkaloid epiisopiloturine (EPI) against adults and juvenile worms of Schistosoma mansoni. EPI was first purified its thermal behavior and theoretical solubility parameters charaterised. In the experiment, mice were treated with EPI over the 21 days post-infection with the doses of 40 and 200 mg/kg, and 45 days post-infection with single doses of 40, 100 and 300 mg/kg. The treatment with EPI at 40 mg/kg was more effective in adult worms when compared with doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg. The treatment with 40 mg/kg in adult worms reduced parasite burden significantly, lead to reduction in hepatosplenomegaly, reduced the egg burden in faeces, and decreased granuloma diameter. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological changes to the parasite tegument after treatment, including the loss of important features. Additionally, the in vivo treatment against juvenile with 40 mg/kg showed a reduction of the total worm burden of 50.2%. Histopathological studies were performed on liver, spleen, lung, kidney and brain and EPI was shown to have a DL50 of 8000 mg/kg. Therefore EPI shows potential to be used in schistosomiasis treatment. This is the first time that schistosomicidal in vivo activity of EPI has been reported.
Subject: Experimental Chemotherapy
Oral Artemether
Drug Discovery
Praziquantel
Mice
Resistance
Infection
Vitro
Oxamniquine
Mefloquine
Country: SAN FRANCISCO
Editor: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation: Anthelmintic Activity In Vivo Of Epiisopiloturine Against Juvenile And Adult Worms Of Schistosoma Mansoni. Public Library Science, v. 9, p. MAR-2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003656
Address: http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0003656
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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