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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The pharmacological effect of Bothrops neuwiedii pauloensis (jararaca-pintada) snake venom on avian neuromuscular transmission
Author: Borja-Oliveira, C.R.
Durigon, A.M.
Vallin, A.C.C.
Toyama, M.H.
Souccar, C.
Marangoni, S.
Rodrigues-Simioni, L.
Abstract: The neuromuscular effects of Bothrops neuwiedii pauloensis (jararaca-pintada) venom were studied on isolated chick biventer cervicis nerve-muscle preparations. Venom concentrations of 5-50 µg/ml produced an initial inhibition and a secondary increase of indirectly evoked twitches followed by a progressive concentration-dependent and irreversible neuromuscular blockade. At venom concentrations of 1-20 µg/ml, the responses to 13.4 mM KCl were inhibited whereas those to 110 µM acetylcholine alone and cumulative concentrations of 1 µM to 10 mM were unaffected. At venom concentrations higher than 50 µg/ml, there was pronounced muscle contracture with inhibition of the responses to acetylcholine, KCl and direct stimulation. At 20-24ºC, the venom (50 µg/ml) produced only partial neuromuscular blockade (30.7 ± 8.0%, N = 3) after 120 min and the initial inhibition and the secondary increase of the twitch responses caused by the venom were prolonged and pronounced and the response to KCl was unchanged. These results indicate that B.n. pauloensis venom is neurotoxic, acting primarily at presynaptic sites, and that enzyme activity may be involved in this pharmacological action.
Subject: Chick biventer cervicis
Phospholipase A2
Presynaptic action
Editor: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0100-879X2003000500009
Date Issue: 1-May-2003
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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