Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/242043
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Key Endothelial Cell Angiogenic Mechanisms Are Stimulated By The Circulating Milieu In Sickle Cell Disease And Attenuated By Hydroxyurea
Author: Lopes
Flavia C. M.; Traina
Fabiola; Almeida
Camila B.; Leonardo
Flavia C.; Franco-Penteado
Carla F.; Garrido
Vanessa T.; Colella
Marina P.; Soares
Raquel; Olalla-Saad
Sara T.; Costa
Fernando F.; Conran
Nicola
Abstract: As hypoxia-induced inflammatory angiogenesis may contribute to the manifestations of sickle cell disease, we compared the angiogenic molecular profiles of plasma from sickle cell disease individuals and correlated these with in vitro endothelial cell-mediated angiogenesis-stimulating activity and in vivo neovascularization. Bioplex demonstrated that plasma from patients with steady-state sickle cell anemia contained elevated concentrations of proangiogenic factors (angiopoietin-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor-D and placental growth factor) and displayed potent pro-angiogenic activity, significantly increasing endothelial cell proliferation, migration and capillary-like structure formation. In vivo neovascularization of Matrigel plugs was significantly greater in sickle cell disease mice than in non-sickle cell disease mice, consistent with an up-regulation of angiogenesis in the disease. In plasma from patients with hemoglobin SC disease without proliferative retinopathy, anti-angiogenic endostatin and thrombospondin-2 were significantly elevated. In contrast, plasma from hemoglobin SC individuals with proliferative retinopathy had a pro-angiogenic profile and more significant effects on endothelial cell proliferation and capillary formation than plasma from patients without retinopathy. Hydroxyurea therapy was associated with significant reductions in plasma angiogenic factors and inhibition of endothelial cell-mediated angiogenic mechanisms and neovascularization. Thus, individuals with sickle cell anemia or hemoglobin SC disease with retinopathy present a highly angiogenic circulating milieu, capable of stimulating key endothelial cell-mediated angiogenic mechanisms. Combination anti-angiogenic therapy to prevent the progression of unregulated neovascularization and associated manifestations in sickle cell disease, such as pulmonary hypertension, may be indicated; furthermore, the benefits and drawbacks of the potent anti-angiogenic effects of hydroxyurea should be clarified.
Subject: Placenta Growth-factor
Leg Ulcers
Chronic Inflammation
In-vitro
Retinopathy
Expression
Vegf
Vasculopathy
Bevacizumab
Endostatin
Country: PAVIA
Editor: FERRATA STORTI FOUNDATION
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2014.119727
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4450618/
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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