Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/241952
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Femoral Hip Stem Prosthesis Made Of Graded Elastic Modulus Metastable Beta Ti Alloy
Author: Lopes
Eder S. N.; Contieri
Rodrigo J.; Button
Sergio T.; Caram
Rubens
Abstract: Ti alloys are frequently used in the manufacture of femoral stems for total hip arthroplasty. Although low elastic modulus stems minimize bone stress shielding, they also may produce micromotions at the bone/implant interface, leading to excessive interfacial mechanical stress at the proximal region. This phenomenon may lead to the growth of fibrous tissues and, eventually, implant failure. To address both restrictions simultaneously, stems with adjustable rigidity may be used. Considering that the rigidity of beta Ti alloys can be controlled by heat treatments, this paper introduces a new concept for a femoral stem with a graded elastic modulus using metastable beta Ti alloy. The combination of solution heat treatment, waterquenching, and aging heat treatments allows the mechanical behavior of the metastable beta Ti alloys to be tailored and, in particular, be used to construct a graded elastic modulus femoral hip stem. The results obtained revealed that it is feasible to design biomedical implants from metastable beta Ti alloys with hybrid mechanical behavior. The specific mechanical behavior is obtained by focusing only on heat treatments. A stem with an elastic modulus varying from 65 GPa to 110 GPa was obtained. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Aging Heat-treatment
Nb-sn Alloys
Design
Microstructure
Indentation
Stiffness
Hardness
Transformations
Biomaterials
Arthroplasty
Country: OXFORD
Editor: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2014.11.040
Address: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261306914009613
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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