Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/241552
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Seasonal Variation In Population Abundance And Chytrid Infection In Stream-dwelling Frogs Of The Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Author: Ruggeri
Joice; Longo
Ana V.; Gaiarsa
Marilia P.; Alencar
Laura R. V.; Lambertini
Carolina; Leite
Domingos S.; Carvalho-e-Silva
Sergio P.; Zamudio
Kelly R.; Toledo
Luis Felipe; Martins
Marcio
Abstract: Enigmatic amphibian declines were first reported in southern and southeastern Brazil in the late 1980s and included several species of stream-dwelling anurans (families Hylodidae and Cycloramphidae). At that time, we were unaware of the amphibian-killing fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd); therefore, pollution, habitat loss, fragmentation and unusual climatic events were hypothesized as primary causes of these declines. We now know that multiple lineages of Bd have infected amphibians of the Brazilian Atlantic forest for over a century, yet declines have not been associated specifically with Bd outbreaks. Because stream-dwelling anurans occupy an environmental hotspot ideal for disease transmission, we investigated temporal variation in population and infection dynamics of three stream-adapted species (Hylodes asper, H. phyllodes, and Cycloramphus boraceiensis) on the northern coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil. We surveyed standardized transects along streams for four years, and show that fluctuations in the number of frogs correlate with specific climatic variables that also increase the likelihood of Bd infections. In addition, we found that Bd infection probability in C. boraceiensis, a nocturnal species, was significantly higher than in Hylodes spp., which are diurnal, suggesting that the nocturnal activity may either facilitate Bd zoospore transmission or increase susceptibility of hosts. Our findings indicate that, despite long-term persistence of Bd in Brazil, some hosts persist with seasonally variable infections, and thus future persistence in the face of climate change will depend on the relative effect of those changes on frog recruitment and pathogen proliferation.
Subject: Batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis
Amphibian Declines
Affects Prevalence
Host Defenses
Disease
Chytridiomycosis
Pathogen
Fungus
Dynamics
History
Country: SAN FRANCISCO
Editor: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation: Seasonal Variation In Population Abundance And Chytrid Infection In Stream-dwelling Frogs Of The Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Public Library Science, v. 10, p. Jul-2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130554
Address: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0130554
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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