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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Blood Group Antigen Studies Using Cdte Quantum Dots And Flow Cytometry
Abstract: New methods of analysis involving semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots [QDs]) as fluorescent probes have been highlighted in life science. QDs present some advantages when compared to organic dyes, such as size-tunable emission spectra, broad absorption bands, and principally exceptional resistance to photobleaching. Methods applying QDs can be simple, not laborious, and can present high sensibility, allowing biomolecule identification and quantification with high specificity. In this context, the aim of this work was to apply dual-color CdTe QDs to quantify red blood cell (RBC) antigen expression on cell surface by flow cytometric analysis. QDs were conjugated to anti-A or anti-B monoclonal antibodies, as well as to the anti-H (Ulex europaeus I) lectin, to investigate RBCs of A<inf>1</inf>, B, A<inf>1</inf>B, O, A<inf>2</inf>, and A<inf>weak</inf> donors. Bioconjugates were capable of distinguishing the different expressions of RBC antigens, both by labeling efficiency and by flow cytometry histogram profile. Furthermore, results showed that RBCs from A<inf>weak</inf> donors present fewer amounts of A antigens and higher amounts of H, when compared to A1 RBCs. In the A group, the amount of A antigens decreased as A<inf>1</inf> > A<inf>3</inf> > A<inf>X</inf> = A<inf>el</inf>, while H antigens were A<inf>X</inf> = A<inf>el</inf>>A<inf>1</inf>. Bioconjugates presented stability and remained active for at least 6 months. In conclusion, this methodology with high sensibility and specificity can be applied to study a variety of RBC antigens, and, as a quantitative tool, can help in achieving a better comprehension of the antigen expression patterns on RBC membranes. © 2015 Cabral Filho et al.
Editor: Dove Medical Press Ltd.
Citation: International Journal Of Nanomedicine. Dove Medical Press Ltd., v. 10, p. 4393 - 4404, 2015.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S84551
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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